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Bartholin\u2019s glands (believed to secrete a yellowish mucus which acts as a lubricant during sexual intercourse. The openings of the Bartholin\u2019s glands are located posteriorly on either side of the vagina orifice.
encircling the clitoris (called the prepuce) and unite posteriorly (called the fourchetes, which is highly sensitive to manipulation and trauma that is why it is often torn during a woman\u2019s delivery.)
anus; contains the muscles (e.g., pubococcygeal and levator ani) which support the pelvic organs, the arteries that supply blood and the pudendal nerves which are important during delivery under anesthesia.
and the rectum; contains rugae (which permit considerable stretching without tearing); passageway for menstrual discharges, copulation and fetus. CBQ
inches wide, 1 inch thick, and weighing 50-60 grams in a non-pregnant woman; hold in place by broad ligaments (from sides of the uterus to pelvic wall; also hold Fallopian tubes and ovaries in place) and round ligaments (from sides of uterus to mons pubis); abundant blood supply from uterine and ovarian arteries; composed of three muscle layers (perimetrium, myometrium, and endometrium). Consists of three parts: corpus (body) \u2013 upper portion with triangular part called fundus; isthmus \u2013 area between corpus and cervix which forms part of the lower uterine segment; and, - cylindrical portion.
menstruation, site of implantation and retainment and nourishment of the products of conception. Main support comes from cardinal ligaments
part (called ampulla) spreads into fingerlike projections (called fimbriae). Responsible for transport of mature ovum from ovary to uterus; fertilization takes place in its outer third or outer half.
Consists of 5 fused vertebrae, the first having a prominent under margin called the sacral promontory. Articulates with the ilium, the sacroiliac joint.
between sacrum and coccyx, made possible by the third articulation of the pelvis called sacrococcygeal joint which allows room for delivery of the fetal head.
Offers landmarks for pelvic measurements; supports the growing uterus during pregnancy; and directs the fetus into the true pelvis near the end of gestation.
the coccyx, on the sides by the ischial tuberosities and in front by the inferior aspect of the symphysis pubis and the pubic arch. Its anteroposterior (AP) diameter is wider than its transverse diameter.
anterior surface of the sacral promontory and the superior margin of the symphysis pubis. Very important measurement because it is the diameter of the pelvic inlet. Average = 10.5 - 11 cm.
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