Infrastructure across the country must expand rapidly. Industrialisation,especially based on manufacturing has also to accelerate. Urbanisation isinevitable. Land is an essential requirement for all these processes.Government also needs to acquire land for a variety of public purposes.In every case, land acquisition must take place in a manner that fully protects the interests of land-owners and also of those whose livelihoodsdepend on the land being acquired.Under our Constitution, land is a State subject but land acquisition is aConcurrent subject. So far, the basic law governing the land acquisitionprocess has been the Land Acquisition Act, 1894. Although it has beenamended from time to time, it is painfully evident that the basic law has become archaic.Land markets in India are imperfect. There is asymmetry of power (andinformation) between those wanting to acquire the land and those whoselands are being acquired. That is why there has to be a role for thegovernment to put in place a transparent and flexible set of rules andregulations and to ensure its enforcement.Land Acquisition and Rehabilitation and Resettlement (R&R) need to beseen necessarily as two sides of the same coin. R&R must always, in eachinstance, necessarily follow upon acquisition of land. Not combining thetwo – R&R and land acquisition – within one law, risks neglect of R&R.This has, indeed, been the experience thus far.This
Bill seeks to balance the need for facilitating land acquisitionfor various public purposes including infrastructure development,industrialisation and urbanisation, while at the same time meaningfully addressing the concerns of farmers and those whose livelihoods aredependent on the land being acquired.The issue of who acquires land is less important than the process of landacquisition, compensation for land acquired and the R&R process,package and conditions.
Bill specifies these irrespective of theratios of private and government acquisition. The objective is to makethe process of land acquisition easy, transparent and fair for both sidesin each instance. This
Bill covers all cases (0-100%, 50-50%, 70-30%, 90-10%, 100-0% and all other possible combinations in between),