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Table Of Contents

NIS+ Overview
Setting Up NIS+
Before You Start NIS+
Planning Your NIS+ Layout
Determining Server Requirements
Preparing the Existing Namespace
Configuration Worksheets
About the NIS+ Scripts
What the NIS+ Scripts Will Do
What the NIS+ Scripts Won’t Do
NIS + Setup Overview
Creating a Sample NIS+ Namespace
Summary of NIS+ Scripts Command Lines
Setting Up NIS+ Root Servers
Prerequisites to Runningnisserver
Information You Need
wHow to Create a Root Master Server
wHow to Change Incorrect Information
Populating NIS+ Tables
Prerequisites to Runningnispopulate
wHow to Populate the Root Master Server Tables
Setting Up Root Domain NIS+ Client Machines
Prerequisites to Runningnisclient
wHow to Initialize a New Client Machine
Creating Additional Client Machines
Initializing NIS+ Client Users
wHow to Initialize an NIS+ User
Setting Up NIS+ Servers
Prerequisites to Runningrpc.nisd
Configuring a Client as an NIS+ Server
Creating Additional Servers
Designating Root Replicas
Creating Additional Replicas
Creating a Subdomain
Creating Additional Domains
Populating the New Domain’s Tables
Populating the Master Server Tables
Designating Replicas
wHow to Create a Replica
Initializing Subdomain NIS+ Client Machines
wHow to Initialize a New Subdomain Client Machine
Initializing Subdomain NIS+ Client Users
wHow to Initialize an NIS+ Subdomain User
Summary of Commands for the Sample NIS+ Namespace
Setting Up the Root Domain 4
Standard versus NIS-Compatible Setup Procedures
Establishing the Root Domain
Summary of Steps
wHow to Set Up a Root Domain
Root Domain Setup Summary
Setting Up NIS+ Clients 5
Client Setup
wHow to Set Up an NIS+ Client
CodeExample5-1NIS+ Version ofnsswitch.conf File
Changing a Workstation’s Domain
Specifying a Domain Name After Installation
wHow to Change a Client’s Domain Name
Initializing an NIS+ Client
Broadcast Initialization
Host-Name Initialization
Cold-Start File Initialization
Security Considerations
Prerequisites
NIS+ Client Setup Summary
Setting Up NIS+ Servers 6
Setting Up an NIS+ Server
Adding a Replica to an Existing Domain
Server Setup Summary
Setting Up a Nonroot Domain 7
Setting Up a Nonroot Domain
wHow to Set Up a Nonroot Domain
Subdomain Setup Summary
Setting Up NIS+ Tables 8
Populating Tables—Options
Populating NIS+ Tables From Files
wHow to Populate NIS+ Tables From Files
Populating NIS+ Tables From NIS Maps
wHow to Populate Tables From Maps
Transferring Information From NIS+ to NIS
wHow to Transfer Information From NIS+ to NIS
wHow to Limit Read Access to the Passwd Column
Setting Up the Name Service Switch 9
Selecting an Alternate Configuration File
Selecting an Alternate Configuration File page143
wHow to Select an Alternate Configuration File
Enabling an NIS+ Client to Use DNS
wHow to Enable an NIS+ Client to Use DNS
Adding Compatibility With +/- Syntax
wHow to Add DNS Compatibility With +/- Syntax
DNS Basics
Name-to-Address Resolution
DNS Administrative Domains
in.named and DNS Name Servers
DNS Clients and the Resolver
Introducing the DNS Namespace
DNS Namespace Hierarchy
DNS Hierarchy in a Local Domain
DNS Hierarchy and the Internet
Joining the Internet
Domain Names
Administering DNS
Zone s
Reverse Mapping
Thein.addr.arpa Domain
Master Servers
Primary Name Server
Secondary Name Server
Root Domain Name Server
Caching and Caching-Only Servers
How DNS Affects Mail Delivery
Creating theresolv.conf File
Creating the resolv.conf File page167
Format of/etc/resolv.conf
Modifying the /etc/nsswitch.conf File
CodeExample11-1Sampleresolv.conf File
Introduction to Boot and Data Files
Thenamed.boot File
Thenamed.ca File
ThehostsFile
Thehosts.revFile
Thenamed.local File
Setting Up the Boot File
Thedirectory Line
Thecache Line
Theprimary Lines
Setting Up the Data Files
Standard Resource Record Format
The name Field
The ttl Field
The record-type Field
The record-specific-data Field
Special Resource Record Characters
Control Entries
Resource Record Types
Setting Up the named.ca File
Setting Up thehosts File
CodeExample12-5Samplehosts File
SOA— Start of Authority
CodeExample12-6SOA Record Format
CodeExample12-16CNAME Record Format
PTR—Pointer Record
CodeExample12-17Sample CNAME Resource Record
CodeExample12-18PTR Record Format
CodeExample12-19Sample PTR Resource Record
MX—Mail Exchanger
CodeExample12-20MX Record Format
CodeExample12-21Sample MX Resource Record
Setting Up the hosts.rev File
Setting Up the named.local File
Modifying the Data Files
CodeExample12-23Samplenamed.local File
A Practical Example
CodeExample12-25Example resolve.conf Files
CodeExample12-28Exampleinclude File for Servergull
Setting Up a Root Server for a Local Network
CodeExample12-30Example Reverse Address for Server Gull
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Published by: scribdanujmittal on Nov 14, 2011
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