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Index From Violence and Racism in Football

Index From Violence and Racism in Football

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Index from Violence and Racism in Football
Index from Violence and Racism in Football

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Published by: Pickering and Chatto on Nov 14, 2011
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– 281 –
INDEX
Agana, ony (player), 216Amokachi, Daniel (player), 228–9Anderson, Viv (player), 228Anti-Fascist Action (AFA), 166, 176, 179,195, 195–9, 200Anti-Fascist Football Fans Congress, 198anti-ascist groups, 16, 147–8, 150, 162–3,166–72links with anti-racism, 179, 194–202Anti-Nazi League (ANL), 166, 169–70, 195anti-racism, 2, 9, 175–203campaigns, 179–81, 196–8education, 175, 178, 181–2, 184anzines, 175, 176, 179, 180, 182, 183,186–202Germany, 198image o, 178initiatives to counteract anti-racism,221–9links with anti-ascism, 179, 194–202 post-war era analysis, 6–10role o police, 183–4role o women, 176–7, 179, 193–4use o ootball environment, 177, 178–9,180–2, 232Armstrong, Gary, 253n39Armstrong, Gary (ethnographer), 114Asian ootballers, 208, 219–20, 233–4Association Contre La Violence Dans LeSport, 47Association o Chie Police O cers(ACPO), 99, 105, 106, 109banana throwing, 153–4, 172, 177, 183,211, 214Barnes, John (player), 211, 216BBC, 164Beckord, Darren (player), 182Best, Clyde (player), 208biracial ootball couplets, 225–8,
 227 
black ootballers, 8, 23, 147, 148, 150–1,205–30, 232abuse o, 2, 152–4, 155–6, 171-2, 177,182, 183, 208–13aggression, 217–18as ambassadors or anti-racism, 222–4biracial ootball couplets, 225–8,
 227 
discrimination by ootball clubs, 2,189–91, 219, 228–9History o Black Footballers in Britain(exhibition), 222 proessionalism, 214–16responses to racial abuse, 205–6, 209,229–30as role models, 224–5, 230use o humour to avert racism, 216 visiting players, 210‘whiteness’, pressure o, 17, 206–8,213–21, 222–3, 225, 229, 230black people, image o, 22–3, 159, 201,212Blake, Noel (Birmingham player), 154Blatter, Sepp (FIFA president), 235bourgeois values, 15, 17Bright, Mark (player), 215
Page numbers in italics denote illustrations and gures. Page numbers includ-ing an ‘n’ reer to notes.
 
282
Violence and Racism in Football 
Britaineconomy, 21–3, 26, 27national mythologies, 40, 52–3national values, 59–60, 65role in international afairs, 20–1sporting image, 40, 61, 64–5British National Party (BNP), 165British Rail, 119Britishness, culture o, 8–9, 10, 17, 52–3,151
 Bulldog 
(NF newspaper), 152–7, 163, 164,165, 167, 170Bullstreet, K (anti-ascist), 168–9Callaghan, James (Home Secretary), 113,136, 137, 140Campaign Against Racism and Fascism(CARF), 166, 195–6Carter-Jones, Lewis (Labour MP), 58Cashmore, Ellis (sociologist), 216casuals, 16, 29, 36–7CCV, 16, 98, 114, 120–1, 183, 188, 234
Celtic Fans Against Racism
(anzine), 199chanting, 155–6, 172, 177, 183, 184, 209Charlton, Bobby (player), 62Charlton, Jack (player), 170Children and Young Persons Act (1969),124, 139–40civil rights, 84, 109, 123Clarke, John, 4Claxton, J. F. (DPP), 108–9Clemitson, Ivor (Labour MP), 60, 132closed-circuit television
 see
CCV Clough, Brian (manager), 170Colquhoun, John (player), 214, 215Commission or Racial Equality (CRE), 14,176, 178, 179–86, 225Communist Party o England, 154community sel-policing, 9–10, 176, 186–8,193–5, 197, 200, 240n40Coventry, 115–16Leicester, 191, 192conerence o anarchists, anti-ascists andootball supporters (1994), 198–9Conservative Party, 25economic policies, 21–2, 26reactions to ootball violence, 49, 50Cookson, Bernard (cartoonist), 86,
86f3.1
Crooks, Garth (player), 182crowd saety, 72–3Crown Courts, 128, 142
 Daily Express
,
86  Daily Mail 
, 43
 Daily Star 
, 163
 Daily elegraph
, 45Deighton, ed (Secretary, Leeds JointBranch Board o Police), 48Department o the Environment, 123, 125,135, 138, 142Direct Action Movement (anarchist group),166, 169disasters, 6, 69–70, 78–9, 80, 164, 165, 167,239n26documentary sources, 11–12Drago, Charles (Director, Association Con-tre La Violence Dans Le Sport), 47
 Eagle Eye
(anzine), 196Elkins, Caroline (writer), 2Elliot, Paul (player), 224
 Evening News
, 86,
86  Evening Standard 
, 86FA Premier League, 234ans
 see
supportersanzines, 175, 176, 179, 180, 182, 183anti-ascist inuences, 194–202and anti-racism, 186–94, 206, 221 promotion o violence, 200–1and ‘whiteness’, 219–21Fashanu, John (player), 224Follows, Denis (Football Association), 78,105Ferguson, Alex (manager, ManchesterUnited), 234–5
 Fighting alk
(AFA publication), 195, 196,198, 199, 229
 Filbo Fever 
(anzine), 187
 Flashing Blade
(anzine), 187, 189–90ootballanti-ascist groups, 147–8, 150, 166–72anti-racism, 10–11, 17, 175–203inuence o Tatcherite policies, 27neo-ascist activities, 147–66 protection o reputation, 53–60, 65
 
 
 Index 
283racial abuse, 208–13racism, 14, 17, 147, 148–9, 175–203rivalries, 8, 28, 32, 35role in society, 10–11, 20, 27–8Football Association, 54–5, 134, 195, 234ootball authorities, reactions to ootball violence, 42, 46, 58–9ootball clubsand anti-racist campaigns, 179–80Arsenal, 84, 91, 100, 107Aston Villa, 102Barnsley, 190–1, 219Birmingham City, 154, 216, 250n42black players, discrimination by clubs, 2,189–91, 219, 221, 228–9Blackburn, 119, 218Cardif, 119Celtic, 46, 92–3, 223–4Charlton Athletic, 193Chelsea,
170 
Coventry City, 118, 153, 213Crystal Palace, 189Everton, 119, 192, 193, 228–9Glasgow Rangers, 76, 78, 135Haliax own, 100Hudderseld own, 54Leeds United, 31, 66, 102, 112, 156, 188Leicester City, 187, 191–2Manchester United, 57,
58
, 66, 90, 92,100, 234–5Middlesbrough, 84, 93Millwall, 214Newcastle, 55, 76Nottingham County, 93Nottingham Forest, 170Queens Park Rangers, 117resistance to space divisions, 92–4Rotherham own, 150, 222She eld United, 187, 189–90, 216She eld Wednesday, 69–70, 170, 190Spurs, 62–6, 188St Helen’s, 54St Pauli (Hamburg), 198Stoke, 119Sunderland, 154, 196orquay United, 188–9, 229 West Ham, 153,
196  see also
stadiums; supportersFootball Foundation, 234Football League, 55, 118, 195Football Ofences Act (1991), 184, 221Football Supporters’ Association, 192, 196-7, 200Football ask Force (FF), 184–6, 188, 224Football rust, 121, 179Football Unites, Racism Divides, 12, 197,221, 222, 233–4ootball violenceanti-ascist views on, 168–9challenge to national mythologies, 53explanations o, 28exploitation by politicians, 39, 40,49–51, 53–4, 73orms o, 29–36government response to, 15–16, 28historiography, 2–6links with racism, 9, 11, 175–203neo-ascist activities, 151–6 police attitudes, 47–9sensationalization by media, 39, 41–2spatial divisions, use or prevention, 45,72–82
 see also
disasters; moral panicsForeign and Commonwealth O ce, 61–2,65Foucault, Michael, 70–1Foxes Against Racism (FAR), 187, 191–2Freud, Clement (Liberal MP), 55–6Gannon, Jim (player), 217Garden House Hotel trial (1970), 25Garnett, Al (V character), 267n62gender exclusion, 9, 10, 15, 176–7, 179,193–4, 198-9Giles, Ronald Carl (cartoonist), 57,
58
Gilroy, Paul, 14Giulianotti, Richard, 53Green, Stuart (writer), 226Gri ths, Eldon (Conservative MP), 60, 79
Guardian
, 44–5, 64, 65–6Hain, Peter (ANL organizer), 169–70Hall, Stuart, 4, 25, 41, 230Hardaker, Alan (chairman o FootballLeague), 135–6

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