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Review of Climate Change Adaptation Practices in South Asia

Review of Climate Change Adaptation Practices in South Asia

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Published by Oxfam
Climate change is predicted to have severe consequences for South Asia, particularly in agriculture, which employs more than 60 per cent of the region’s labour force. Adaptation efforts in South Asia have so far been fragmented, lacking a strong link between national climate change strategies and plans, and existing disaster risk reduction, agricultural, and other relevant policies. This disconnect partly stems from a lack of conceptual understanding and partly from the ongoing debate as to what constitutes adaptation and what represents good and sustainable development. Focusing on five countries in the region (Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka), this review captures examples of good practice in climate change adaptation programming, in order to inform Oxfam’s learning, enabling it and other organisations to replicate some of these good practices in their own programmes and to advocate their adequate financing and governance.
Climate change is predicted to have severe consequences for South Asia, particularly in agriculture, which employs more than 60 per cent of the region’s labour force. Adaptation efforts in South Asia have so far been fragmented, lacking a strong link between national climate change strategies and plans, and existing disaster risk reduction, agricultural, and other relevant policies. This disconnect partly stems from a lack of conceptual understanding and partly from the ongoing debate as to what constitutes adaptation and what represents good and sustainable development. Focusing on five countries in the region (Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka), this review captures examples of good practice in climate change adaptation programming, in order to inform Oxfam’s learning, enabling it and other organisations to replicate some of these good practices in their own programmes and to advocate their adequate financing and governance.

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Published by: Oxfam on Nov 14, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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1
Review of Climate Change Adaptation Practices in South Asia 
,Oxfam Research Report, November 2011
Oxfam Research Reports
Review of Climate ChangeAdaptation Practices inSouth Asia
Charlotte Sterrett
 
Climate Concern, Melbourne, Australia16 November 2011
 
www.oxfam.org
 
2
Review of Climate Change Adaptation Practices in South Asia 
,Oxfam Research Report, November 2011
Contents
Acronyms and abbreviations ............................................................................................. 3
 
Executive summary .............................................................................................................. 4
 
1 Introduction ................................................................................................................ 8
 
2
 
Framing adaptation: Oxfam’s approach .............................................................. 12
 
3
 
Approaches, methodologies, and tools ................................................................ 16
 
4
 
Adaptation in South Asia: taking stock ............................................................... 26
 
5
 
Lessons about good practice from South Asia .................................................. 52
 
6
 
Gaps in current knowledge and what is needed .............................................. 55
 
Bibliography ....................................................................................................................... 89
 
Acknowledgements ........................................................................................................... 95
 
Notes ..................................................................................................................................... 96
 
 
3
Review of Climate Change Adaptation Practices in South Asia 
,Oxfam Research Report, November 2011
Acronyms and abbreviations
ACCRA Africa Climate Change Resilience AllianceADB Asian Development BankALM Adaptation Learning MechanismARCAB Action Research for Community Adaptation in BangladeshBCAS Bangladesh Centre for Advanced StudiesBCCSAP Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action PlanCAP community action planCBA community-based adaptationCBO community-based organisationCCA climate change adaptationCEDRA Climate Change and Environmental Degradation Risk and AdaptationAssessmentCRiSTAL Community-based Risk Screening Tool Adaptation and LivelihoodsCSDRM Climate Smart Disaster Risk ManagementCVCA Climate Vulnerability and Capacity AnalysisDDC District Development CouncilDfID UK Government Department for International DevelopmentDRR disaster risk reductionEbA Ecosystem-based AdaptationEIA Environmental Impact AssessmentGDP gross domestic productGEF Global Environment FacilityGLOF Glacial Lake Outburst FloodIPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeLAC Local Adaptive CapacityLAPA Local Adaptation Plan of ActionLI-BIRD Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and DevelopmentLDC least-developed countryNAPA National Adaptation Programme of ActionNGO non-government organisationNRM natural resource managementPCVA Participatory Capacity and Vulnerability AnalysisRDPI Rural Development Policy InstituteRVCC Reducing Vulnerability to Climate ChangeSDC Swiss Agency for Development and Co-operationSLD Shared Learning DialoguesSLA Sustainable Livelihoods ApproachSRI System of Rice IntensificationTRM Tidal River ManagementUNDP United Nations Development ProgrammeUNEP United Nations Environment ProgrammeUNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate ChangeV2R Vulnerability to ResilienceVDC Village Development CommitteeWWF World Wildlife Fund

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