The purpose of the project consists of elaborating a detailed geological map (1: 2000) of a region of 632 hectares or rather 6.32 km\u00b2 located immediately to the South of the auriferous zone of Nambija, on current development. With this purpose, an equipment composed by two geologists and a topographer, and complementing afterwards with a geophysical, they have stayed during 10 weeks in the area of the project, from May 22 to October 1st, 1987. The maps and the final report have been elaborated in the offices of Geomines Ltee in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
In first term, it has been proceed to effect a topographic raising to scale 1:2000 of the creeks and paths using compass and cord. Then, the geological map simultaneously has been elaborated. they have been taken superficial rock samples and sediments of the rivers using bats. These samples have been after mashed and analyzed in laboratories by 36 elements. Of the same way, they have been developed geophysical explorations by magnetometric and electromagnetic (VLF) on a mesh NS - EW with exploration lines that have 16 km of length.
Also, it has been effected a geological recognition to scale 1:5000 with takes simultaneous samples of bat rock, in a region of some 18 km2 located to the South and to the East of the maping region to the detail.
The first section of the route to Nambija is from Quito to Loja. In this first section can be traveled by plane from Quito to La Toma (airport of Loja) in a flight that take approximately an hour or in car, in a trip that delay 18 hours, by asserted highway. From Loja part a second category route to Zamora, whose normal tour delay two hours and a half, but the frequent landslides that produce in this route can cause serious arrears. From Zamora the route continues to Nam\u00edrez, place to where is arrived after a trip of an hour. In Nam\u00edrez is necessary to cross the river Zamora, either in boat, if the level of the water is not too high, or using a peatonal pendulous bridge. The trip continues then in car or bus by an additional hour until Cumay Alto (locally called San Carlos), place where it can be rented mules to rise to Nambija in a trip of three hours and a half, duration by a horse-shoe road in wrong state.
The region in study is located in the mountain chain of Nanguipa that form part of the buttresses of the Eastern mountain chain of the Andes. The relief is very injured, with altitudes that vary between 1400 and 2400 msnm.
The drainage system of the region is certified by the tributaries of the Quebrada del Fierro. The waters of this gaps empty successively in the rivers Nambija, Zamora, Santiago, Mara\u00f1on and Amazon and finally in the Atlantic Ocean.
The climate is tropical wet. The temperature oscillates between 7\u00b0C in the evening and 20\u00b0C in the day, but exceptionally it can reach 30\u00b0C. The region is frequently covered of fog and the rainfall surpasses 3000 mm by year, what has hindered much the advance of the field projects. In September has been observed a certain truce in the rainfalls that possibly will be extended until December.
The vegetation is of the type florets pluvial equatorial and therefore very dense, to such point that it is necessary to use machetes to open path. The rock outcrops better exposed are found in the creeks, that constitute at the same time the improvements access process.
The communications are difficult in Nambija. The only one transmitting radio station - receiving of the place is found in the branch of the Central Bank for internal use. Within little time, the bank will be equipped also with a telephone operated at micro - waves. Concerning the public facilities, the IETEL of Zamora offers international telegraphic and telephonic services but it does not have telex.
The most next Airport is La Toma, near to Loja, that gives services in regulars flights to Guayaquil and to Quito. Exist also a runway and a military heliport in Cumbaratza. In Nambija, there is a heliport located in the facilities of the Central Bank.
Also, it is possible to rent pickup trucks without difficulty, taxi to Loja and to the airport La Toma, the same as to Zamora. Insofar as the provisions, the basic products can be acquired in Nambija, but the variety is limited. The available water in Nambija has a high risk of be contaminated, so that in the present campaign the personnel has been provisioned of spring water, considerated pure, that buds in the South flank of Mapasingue.
In Nambija is difficult to find a housing adapted to stay by long time. Therefore, it should be to consider the need of building a base camp. Because of the climate, the type of construction more common is of wood, up with respect to the natural surface and with zinc roof. The wood in plates can be acquired of the local rafters but the zinc must be bought in other place. Taking into account to the temperature descends by the nights, it will be very useful to have any type of heater (to kerosene for example).
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