Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
vol2no11_5

vol2no11_5

Ratings: (0)|Views: 0|Likes:
Published by managing_editor_cis

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: managing_editor_cis on Nov 14, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/14/2011

pdf

text

original

 
 
VOL. 2, NO. 11, October 2011 ISSN 2079-8407
Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences
 ©2009-2011 CIS Journal. All rights reserved.
http://www.cisjournal.org
 
588
Inertia Optimization of a Two Masses System
1
Mabrouki. H,
2
Firchichi. N
LR
ACEM
Department
 
of 
 
electrical
 
Engineering
 
Ecole
 
Nationale
 
d'Ingénieurs
 
de
 
Sfax,
 
Route
 
de
 
soukra
 
km
 
3
 
cite
 
Elhabib
 
3052
 
Sfax
 
Tunisia
 
1
2
ABSTRACT
 
Generally, electric traction systems are complex because they consist of several electromechanical parameters that are inconstant interaction. The multi-mass approach is used to identify these different parameters and the possibility of manipulation of these parameters in order to optimize the system and his operation.
Keywords:
 
 Multi-mass approach, Traction systems, Two-mass system, Inertia Optimization
 
1.
 
I
NTRODUCTION
 
The use of electric drives especially inintermittent mode (the elevator, manipulators, storage,etc. ...), requires a high dynamic performance. Theseapplications necessitate a greater interaction between themechanical and electrical components [1]. Among themeans to optimize energy, it emphasizes the optimizationof start-up time and braking of induction motors resultingin variable costs and can reduce the loss of electricalpower during the transient, reducing the temperature,wear, vibration, noise etc...
 
Several parameters have effects on the startuptime and the dynamic behavior of systems; mention theconstant electro-motor, the electromagnetic constant, andmore [3]. The starting time still depends on the startingtorque of the engine and the speed ratio of the speed-reduction gear, but also much of the inertia set games. Ithas been tested in this part to analyze and optimize thebehavior of the system (mechanical model with twomasses) by minimizing the torsion angles and from themoment of inertia of both masses [2]. To achieve thisgoal, we try to find a relationship that brings together readthese four parameters. The method involves running themodel with two masses to find a relationship between thetorsion angles and inertia moments.
2.
 
DEVELOPMENT OF THE MODELWITH TWO MASSES STUDY OF TWO-MASS SYSTEM FOR OPTIMIZING
 
We have the following model of two-masssystem (neglecting the damping coefficient) [6].
Fig.1:
Equivalent circuit model with two massesunamortized.
 
The equation describing this system has twomasses is [7]:
22211212 2212211112 11
em
 R R R dt  J  R R R dt  J 
    
(1)With:
:
1
 J 
Moment of inertia of the first mass
:
2
 J 
Moment of inertia of the second mass
:
1
Angular velocity of the first mass
:
2
Angular velocity of the second mass
:
12
Stiffness coefficient between the masses
:
1
 R
Wheel radius of the first mass
:
2
 R
Wheel radius of the second mass
 
 
VOL. 2, NO. 11, October 2011 ISSN 2079-8407
Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences
 ©2009-2011 CIS Journal. All rights reserved.
http://www.cisjournal.org
 
589
:
1
 
Torsion angle of the first mass
:
2
 
Torsion angle of the second mass
And we have:
11
 
dt 
 
22
 
dt 
 Either, if we assumed that;
    
21
  
 X 
,
    
21
  
 X 
,
    
21
  
 X 
,The model becomes:
212122122112 211221122121
00
em
 R R R  R R R  J  J 
    
(2)Additionally, if we assumed that:
21
00
 J  J  M 
,
22122112 21122112
 R R R  R R R
 And,
2
em
 The reduced form of the system becomes:
KX  X  M 
(3)The equation (3) can be written as:
 
 M KX  M  X 
11
(4) 
If 
it is assumed that:
 
PY  X 
Equivalent to:
P X 
 
So the system becomes:
 M KPY  M P
11
(5) Whether:
 M PKPY  M P
1111
(6) With
P
is the eigenvector.The system of equations describing the dynamicbehavior of the mechanical system is as follows:
222022112011
  
(7)
Therefore,
21
00
 J  J  M 
 
We have so:
211
 / 100 / 1
 J  J  M 
 And;
22122112 21122112
 R R R  R R R
 Then:
222121211222112121121
 J  R J  R R J  R R J  R M 
 So the characteristic polynomial is:
0
2212212221221222212121122
    
 J  R R J  R R J  R J  R
  
 This implies that:
0
22212121122
    
 J  R J  R
  
(8)Solving this quadratic equation gives:
 
 
VOL. 2, NO. 11, October 2011 ISSN 2079-8407
Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences
 ©2009-2011 CIS Journal. All rights reserved.
http://www.cisjournal.org
 
590
0
 
Where
0
2221212112
 J  R J  R
 If we find that one of the eigenvalues is zero, asin our case, we can conclude that the system is rigid, i.e. itis a movement of a single block or consists of a singlemass purely rigid link between its elementary masses.Hence, with this condition, the study is not possible,since, firstly in this case we cannot determine arelationship that expresses the torsion angles based on themoments of inertia. Secondly this model hides the realdynamic behavior of the system [4].
3. CHANGING THE SYSTEM OF TWOMASSES FOR THE OPTIMIZATION
So, in order to
 
solve this problem
 
it is assumedthat
 
the system
 
is embedded
 
in
 
a frame,
 
thus
 
adding
 
another
 
factor
 
that binds
 
the
 
stiffness
 
 
frame and
 
thesecond mass
.
 
For
 
the latter,
 
and
 
in order to study
 
our system
 
we made a
 
small change
 
by adding another
 
link 
 
that binds
 
the second mass
 
with a
 
fixed frame
.
 
The following figure
 
gives an overview
 
of thesystem
 
after the change.
Fig.2:
Equivalent circuit diagram with two masseswith an embedded frame
 
'
is defined by the stiffness coefficient linking thesecond mass and the frame. The system of equationsdescribing the operation of our system is:
2222'2211212 22112211112 11
em
 R R R R dt  J  R R R dt  J 
     
(9)If we write our system in matrix form we obtain:
212122'22122112 211221122121
00
em
 R R R R  R R R  J  J 
    
(10)Following the same approach as before, we get:
 
222'222121211222112121121
 J  R J  R J  R R J  R R J  R M 
(11)The characteristic polynomial of this matrix is:0
22122'12222'22212121122
    
 J  R R  J  R J  R J  R
  
 
Thus:
04
22122'122222'2221212112
    
 J  R R  J  R J  R J  R
 Equal also:
04
242'122222'2221212112
    
 J  R J  R J  R J  R
 Note that now, this expression is always positive,we can define roots of the characteristic polynomial asfollows:
    
222'22212121121
21
 J  R J  R J  R
 
 
    
222'22212121122
21
 J  R J  R J  R
 
 We see that
1
 
and
2
 
are positive, so the system studiedis an oscillating system [5].In order to determine the eigenvectors aredefined by
1
and
2
which correspond to eigenvalues
1
 
and
2
 
we follow the following steps:Either:
0
111
 I  M 
 
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->