Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
A 4

A 4

Ratings: (0)|Views: 3|Likes:
Published by stoleha

More info:

Published by: stoleha on Nov 14, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Chapter 4Methods for the developmentof pneumatic systems
Festo Didactic 
Chapter A-4
4.1Development of pneumatic systems
The solution to a control problem is worked out according to a systemwith documentation playing an important role in communicating the finalresult. The circuit diagram should be drawn using standard symbolsand labelling. Comprehensive documentation is required including mostof the following:
Function diagram
Circuit diagram
Description of the operation of the system
Technical data on the componentsSupplementary documentation comprising
Parts list of all components in the system
Maintenance and fault-finding information
Spare parts listThere are two primary methods for constructing circuit diagrams:
The so-called intuitive methods
The methodical design of a circuit diagram in accordance withprescribed rules and instructionsWhereas much experience and intuition is required in the first case andabove all, a great deal of time where complicated circuits areconcerned; designing circuit diagrams of the second category requiresmethodical working and a certain amount of basic theoreticalknowledge.Regardless of which method is used in developing the circuit diagram,the aim is to end up with a properly functioning and reliably operatingcontrol. Whereas previously emphasis was placed on the leastexpensive hardware solution, more importance is now attached tooperational reliability and ease of maintenance by a clear layout anddocumentation.This inevitably leads to increased usage of methodical designprocesses. In such cases, the control is always constructed inaccordance with the given procedure and is less dependent uponpersonal influences from the designer. In many cases, however, morecomponents will be required for the methodical solution than in a circuitdevised by the intuitive method.
Festo Didactic 
Chapter A-4
This additional material requirement will usually be rapidly compensatedfor by time-saving at the project stage and also later in terms of maintenance. Generally, it must be ensured that the time spent inproject design and particularly in simplifying the circuit, is in reasonableproportion to the overall effort.Regardless of which method and which technique is used to produce acircuit diagram, the basic requirements are sound fundamentalknowledge of the devices concerned and knowledge of the switchingcharacteristics of the components used.
4.2Control chain
The control chain is a categorised representation of a control system,from which amongst other things, the signal direction can bedetermined.With the circuit design, the system breakdown produces a roughseparation of signal input, signal processing, signal output andcommand execution. In practice, this separation can be easily seen. Inthe case of extensive installations, the control section is generally in aseparate area to that of the power section.
Festo Didactic 
TP101Fig. 4.1Control chain flowchart 
Chapter A-4

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->