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Published by stoleha

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Published by: stoleha on Nov 14, 2011
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Chapter 5Non-return, flow and pressure valves,valve combinations
Festo Didactic 
Chapter B-5 
5.1Non-return valves
Non-return valves are devices which preferentially stop the flow in onedirection and permit flow in the opposite direction. The pressure on thedownstream side acts against the restrictive component, therebyassisting the sealing effect of the valve.Check valves can stop the flow completely in one direction. In theopposite direction the flow is free with a minimal pressure drop due tothe resistance of the valve. Blocking of the one direction can beeffected by cones, balls, plates or diaphragms.Elements fitted at a three way junction which have non-returncharacteristics and direct the movement of signal air. The two valveshere referred to as junction elements have logic characteristics whichdetermine the passage of two input signals. The dual pressure valverequires two signals (AND function) to produce an output and theshuttle valve requires at least one signal input (OR function) to producean output. These are processing elements whereby two signals areprocessed internally and the resulting signal is output at port 2.
Festo Didactic 
Check valves
Fig. 5.1Non-return valve
Junction elements
Chapter B-5 
The dual pressure valve has two inlets 1 and 1(3) and one outlet A.Compressed air flows through the valve only if signals are applied toboth inlets. One input signal at 1 or 1(3) blocks the flow due to thedifferential forces at the piston slide. If signals are applied to both 1 and1(3), the signal which is last applied passes to the outlet. If the inputsignals are of different pressures, the larger of the two pressures closesthe valve and the smaller air pressure is transferred to the outlet 2. Thedual pressure valve is used mainly for interlocking controls, safetycontrols, check functions and logic AND operations.
Festo Didactic 
Dual pressure valve:logic AND function
Fig. 5.2 Dual pressure valve:logic AND function
Chapter B-5 

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