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Tech. Changes

Tech. Changes

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Published by birubiru

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Published by: birubiru on Nov 15, 2011
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Technological Change in relation to Industrial Relations:-
1.What is Technology?
 ─Swedish Confederation of Trade Union:‘‘ The application of scientific knowledge in technical system andtechnical methods of production of different products,” ─From the standpoint of management.“ Technique or knowledge based on the principles of science andengineering and combined with modern management in puts that make sureof these techniques commercially viable.”2.
Different Aspects of Technology?
Appropriate technology- plea to consider also the cultural and other factor Inter mediate technology- Scale of production with objective of maximizing employment per unit of output.Transfer of Technology- Actual effects in terms of states of dependence and their penetration in the developing countries.Alternate Technology- Concerned with political dimension of social choiceand relates to the working class as against the capital class.3.
Technological change in relation to socio-EconomicDevelopment.
(a) Satisfaction of basic human needs viz. food, clothing, shelter, education,health etc.(b) Endogenous self-reliance based upon social participation and control.(c) Life style in harmony with the environment. 4.
Conern due to technological changes: -
Reasons-(a) The intensifying impact of technological innovations on the level of economic development.(b) the growing interest of trade unions in the applications and consequencesof technology.Two Factors-(a) The impact of technological changes on level of employment andnature of skills demanded in performing new jobs.
 
(b) The growing resistance of trade unions to technological changes andtheir multiplying strength in determining the employer-employeerelations through collective bargaining at micro-level.5.
Typical Relevant changes:-
 (a) Small-Scale changes in materials or products with constant production.(b) Technological changes that do not directly influence the production process but which might from an object of bargaining –Shop floor data.(c) Technological changes in production process which cause reduceddemand for labour but which necessitate the similar skills.(d) Technological changes in production process which influence boththe scale and the nature of demand for labour and preclude old skillstogether.
Trade Union’s response Towards Technological changes
 
Two Types
(1) Support for investment in new equipment .(11) Concern for the protection of union workers form the possibleadverse consequences of change.
Determinants of Trade Union Responses:-
(a) The proportion of union members affected by it.(b) The economic condition of the industry or enterprise.(c) The nature of technological change.(d) The stage of its development.Responsibility of Trade Unions for “ Innovation Problem” and Its“Determinants”.
Innovation Problem &Trade Union :-
1.Technological changes : Two Categories(a) Changes in process(b) Changes in product.2.Manufacturing and Transport Sector Involve resistance
 
3.Understanding of resistance areas.Determinants of situational Resistance.  ─Resistance for cost cutting rather than productinnovation. ─Resistance to hamper mature processes. 
Impact of Technological Changes on C.BDifferent technologist have varying extents of success inaccommodating change.Implications of T.C for I.R 
Three type of Tech.Changes:-(a) Performance Maximization type T.C(b) Sales Maximization type T.C(c) Cost maximization type T.C
Performance Max Type T.C
 ─Must for Harmonious IR  ─Where Competition relates to performance rather than price, cost consideration is not relevant. ─Where performance depends on process, competence of  persons involved in production assumes much importance. 
Sales Maxi.T.C
 ─ 
Expansion of markets, advancement in thedivision of labour and the significance of economiesof scale create germs of unhealthy IR 
 ─ 
Importance of Competence of Internal humanresources declines.
 ─ 
Employees need to provide to provide assuranceto their employees about job content, work 

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