Technological Change in relation to Industrial Relations:-
1.What is Technology?
─Swedish Confederation of Trade Union:‘‘ The application of scientific knowledge in technical system andtechnical methods of production of different products,” ─From the standpoint of management.“ Technique or knowledge based on the principles of science andengineering and combined with modern management in puts that make sureof these techniques commercially viable.”2.
Different Aspects of Technology?
Appropriate technology- plea to consider also the cultural and other factor Inter mediate technology- Scale of production with objective of maximizing employment per unit of output.Transfer of Technology- Actual effects in terms of states of dependence and their penetration in the developing countries.Alternate Technology- Concerned with political dimension of social choiceand relates to the working class as against the capital class.3.
Technological change in relation to socio-EconomicDevelopment.
(a) Satisfaction of basic human needs viz. food, clothing, shelter, education,health etc.(b) Endogenous self-reliance based upon social participation and control.(c) Life style in harmony with the environment. 4.
Conern due to technological changes: -
Reasons-(a) The intensifying impact of technological innovations on the level of economic development.(b) the growing interest of trade unions in the applications and consequencesof technology.Two Factors-(a) The impact of technological changes on level of employment andnature of skills demanded in performing new jobs.