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Pisces 7: A cross lying on rocks

Pisces 7: A cross lying on rocks

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Published by Starling
Pisces 7: A cross lying on rocks
T h e w o r d c r oss de sc e n d s f r o m t h e O l d E n g l i s h c ro s a n d m o r e r e m o t e l y f r o m t h e L a t i n c rux m e a n i n g t h e s t a k e o r c r o s s “ on w h i c h c r i m i n a l s were impaled or hanged hence figuratively” it implies “torture, t r o u b l e , m i se r y . ” 1 T h e w o r d l yi ng h a s t w o m e a n i n g s d e s c e n d i n g on d i f fe r e n t r o ot s. T h e f i rs t i s li e , “ t o b e o r p l a c e o n e
Pisces 7: A cross lying on rocks
T h e w o r d c r oss de sc e n d s f r o m t h e O l d E n g l i s h c ro s a n d m o r e r e m o t e l y f r o m t h e L a t i n c rux m e a n i n g t h e s t a k e o r c r o s s “ on w h i c h c r i m i n a l s were impaled or hanged hence figuratively” it implies “torture, t r o u b l e , m i se r y . ” 1 T h e w o r d l yi ng h a s t w o m e a n i n g s d e s c e n d i n g on d i f fe r e n t r o ot s. T h e f i rs t i s li e , “ t o b e o r p l a c e o n e

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Published by: Starling on Nov 15, 2011
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Pisces 7: A cross lying on rocks
The word
cross
descends from theOld English
cros 
and more remotelyfrom the Latin
crux
meaning the
stake or cross “on which criminals
were impaled or hanged hence
figuratively” it implies “torture,trouble, misery.”
1
 
The word
lying
has two meaningsdescending on different roots. The
first is lie, “
to be or place oneself at 
rest in a flat, horizontal, or recumbent position; recline.”
2
This form of the word is a variant of the verb
lay
 
which means “to cause to laydown” and which can also mean “to have sexual intercourse with.”
3
Thismeaning descends from the Indo-European (IE) root 
legh-
which means
“to lie, lay”.
4
Its paronyms include
la
(to cause to lie down),
ledge,ledger, lair 
,
leaguer, lager, stalag 
(
a German prisoner of war camp forofficers and enlisted personnel),
lees 
,
coverlet, litter, wagon-lit 
,
law,bylaw, outlaw,
 
lagan 
, and
lochia 
. The second is
li
 
as in “a falsestatement deliberately presented as being true; a falsehood.”
5
Idescends from the IE root 
leugh-
 
which means “to tell a lie” and its
paronyms are
warlock 
and
belie.
 
The noun
rock
 
in this context refers to “relatively hard, naturallyformed mineral or petrified matter; stone.”
7
While its ultimate origin isuncertain, its more recent progenitors are the Old English
rocc 
in theword
stanroc 
 
meaning “stone rock 
 
or obelisk”, the Vulgar Latin
rocca.
The
Online Etymological Dictionary 
indicates that the word was used in
1 http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=cross2 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/lie3 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/lay4 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, p. 475 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/lie_26 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, p. 497 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/rock

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