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Table Of Contents

Basics of Vectors and Matrices
1.1 Vector Spaces
1.2 Linear Dependence and Independence of Vectors
1.3 Dual Vector Spaces
1.4 Basis, Projection Operator and Completeness Relation
1.4.1 Orthonormal Basis and Completeness Relation
1.4.2 Projection Operators
1.4.3 Gram-Schmidt Orthonormalization
1.5 Linear Operators and Matrices
1.8 Spectral Decomposition
1.9 Singular Value Decomposition (SVD)
1.10 Tensor Product (Kronecker Product)
Framework of Quantum Mechanics
2.1 Fundamental Postulates
2.2 Some Examples
2.3 Multipartite System, Tensor Product and Entangled State
2.4 Mixed States and Density Matrices
2.4.1 Negativity
2.4.2 Partial Trace and Purification
2.4.3 Fidelity
Qubits and Quantum Key Distribution
3.1 Qubits
3.1.1 One Qubit
3.1.2 Bloch Sphere
3.1.3 Multi-Qubit Systems and Entangled States
3.1.4 Measurements
3.1.5 Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) Paradox
3.2 Quantum Key Distribution (BB84 Protocol)
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Quantum Gates
4.2.1 Simple Quantum Gates
4.2.2 Walsh-Hadamard Transformation
4.2.3 SWAP Gate and Fredkin Gate
4.3 Correspondence with Classical Logic Gates
4.3.1 NOT Gate
4.3.2 XOR Gate
4.3.3 AND Gate
4.3.4 OR Gate
4.4 No-Cloning Theorem
4.5 Dense Coding and Quantum Teleportation
4.5.1 Dense Coding
4.5.2 Quantum Teleportation
4.6 Universal Quantum Gates
4.7 Quantum Parallelism and Entanglement
Simple Quantum Algorithms
5.1 Deutsch Algorithm
5.2 Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm and Bernstein-Vazirani Algorithm
5.3 Simon’s Algorithm
Quantum Integral Transforms
6.1 Quantum Integral Transforms
6.2 Quantum Fourier Transform (QFT)
6.3 Application of QFT: Period-Finding
6.4 Implementation of QFT
6.5 Walsh-Hadamard Transform
6.6 Selective Phase Rotation Transform
Grover’s Search Algorithm
7.1 Searching for a Single File
7.2 Searching for d Files
Shor’s Factorization Algorithm
8.1 The RSA Cryptosystem
8.2 Factorization Algorithm
8.3 Quantum Part of Shor’s Algorithm
8.3.1 Settings for STEP 2
8.3.2 STEP 2
8.4 Probability Distribution
8.5 Continued Fractions and Order Finding
8.6 Modular Exponential Function
8.6.1 Adder
8.6.2 Modular Adder
8.6.3 Modular Multiplexer
8.6.4 Modular Exponential Function
Decoherence
9.1 Open Quantum System
9.1.1 Quantum Operations and Kraus Operators
9.1.3 Completely Positive Maps
9.2 Measurements as Quantum Operations
9.2.1 Projective Measurements
9.2.2 POVM
9.3 Examples
9.3.1 Bit-Flip Channel
9.3.2 Phase-Flip Channel
9.3.3 Depolarizing Channel
9.3.4 Amplitude-Damping Channel
9.4 Lindblad Equation
9.4.1 Quantum Dynamical Semigroup
9.4.2 Lindblad Equation
9.4.3 Examples
Quantum Error Correcting Codes
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Three-Qubit Bit-Flip Code and Phase-Flip Code
10.2.1 Bit-Flip QECC
10.2.2 Phase-Flip QECC
10.3 Shor’s Nine-Qubit Code
10.3.1 Encoding
10.3.2 Transmission
10.3.3 Error Syndrome Detection and Correction
10.3.4 Decoding
10.4 Seven-Qubit QECC
10.4.1 Classical Theory of Error Correcting Codes
10.4.2 Seven-Qubit QECC
10.5.2 Error Syndrome Detection
DiVincenzo Criteria
11.1 Introduction
11.2 DiVincenzo Criteria
11.3 Physical Realizations
NMR Quantum Computer
12.1 Introduction
12.2 NMR Spectrometer
12.2.1 Molecules
12.2.2 NMR Spectrometer
12.3 Hamiltonian
12.3.1 Single-Spin Hamiltonian
12.3.2 Multi-Spin Hamiltonian
12.4 Implementation of Gates and Algorithms
12.4.1 One-Qubit Gates in One-Qubit Molecule
12.4.3 Two-Qubit Gates
12.4.4 Multi-Qubit Gates
12.5 Time-Optimal Control of NMR Quantum Com- puter
12.5.1 A Brief Introduction to Lie Algebras and Lie Groups
12.6 Measurements
12.6.1 Introduction and Preliminary
12.6.2 One-Qubit Quantum State Tomography
12.6.3 Free Induction Decay (FID)
12.6.4 Two-Qubit Tomography
12.7 Preparation of Pseudopure State
12.7.1 Temporal Averaging
12.7.2 Spatial Averaging
12.8 DiVincenzo Criteria
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Electronic States of Ions as Qubits
13.3 Ions in Paul Trap
13.3.1 Trapping Potential
13.3.2 Lattice Formation
13.3.3 Normal Modes
13.4 Ion Qubit
13.4.1 One-Spin Hamiltonian
13.4.2 Sideband Cooling
13.5 Quantum Gates
13.5.1 One-Qubit Gates
13.5.2 CNOT Gate
13.6 Readout
13.7 DiVincenzo Criteria
Quantum Computing with Neutral Atoms
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Trapping Neutral Atoms
14.2.1 Alkali Metal Atoms
14.2.2 Magneto-Optical Trap (MOT)
14.2.3 Optical Dipole Trap
14.2.4 Optical Lattice
14.2.5 Spin-Dependent Optical Potential
14.3 One-Qubit Gates
14.4 Quantum State Engineering of Neutral Atoms
14.4.1 Trapping of a Single Atom
14.4.2 Rabi Oscillation
14.4.3 Neutral Atom Quantum Regisiter
14.5 Preparation of Entangled Neutral Atoms
14.6 DiVincenzo Criteria
Josephson Junction Qubits
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Nanoscale Josephson Junctions and SQUIDs
15.2.1 Josephson Junctions
15.2.2 SQUIDs
15.3 Charge Qubit
15.3.1 Simple Cooper Pair Box
15.3.2 Split Cooper Pair Box
15.4 Flux Qubit
15.4.1 Simplest Flux Qubit
15.4.2 Three-Junction Flux Qubit
15.5 Quantronium
15.6 Current-Biased Qubit (Phase Qubit)
15.7 Readout
15.7.1 Charge Qubit
15.7.2 Readout of Quantronium
15.7.3 Switching Current Readout of Flux Qubits
15.8 Coupled Qubits
15.8.1 Capacitively Coupled Charge Qubits
15.8.2 Inductive Coupling of Charge Qubits
15.8.3 Tunable Coupling between Flux Qubits
15.8.4 Coupling Flux Qubits with an LC Resonator
15.9 DiVincenzo Criteria
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Mesoscopic Semiconductors
16.2.1 Two-Dimensional Electron Gas in Inversion Layer
16.2.2 Coulomb Blockade
16.3 Electron Charge Qubit
16.3.1 Electron Charge Qubit
16.3.2 Rabi Oscillation
16.4 Electron Spin Qubit
16.4.1 Electron Spin Qubit
16.4.2 Single-Qubit Operations
16.5.1 Charge Qubits
16.5.2 Spin Qubits
Solutions to Selected Exercises
Index
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Quantum computing : from linear algebra to physical realizations

Quantum computing : from linear algebra to physical realizations

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Published by: Yellou on Nov 15, 2011
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