CHAPTER ONE1.0HISTORY OF HERBS
The use of plant as medicine predates within by human history, a 60,000 year old Neanderthal burial site Handier – 4 in Northern Iraq ha yielded large amount of pollen from 8 plant specie, 7 of which are used now as herbal remedies .(Bibcorde 1975)In written record ,the study of herbs date back over 5,000 years to theSumerians, who described and established medicinal uses for such plant as Laurel,Caraway and thyme. Ancient Egyptian medicinal of 1000BC are known to have usedgarlic, opium, caster oil coriander, mint, indigo and other herbs for medicine and oldtestament to mention herb use and cultivation including Mandrakej Ayurvedamedicine has used many herbs such as tumeric possible as early as 1900BC.(Aggerwal and Sundaram 2007).Many other herbs and mineral used in Ayurveda were later described byancient Indian herbalist such as Characka, and Sunshruta during the 1
millenniumBC. The sunshrata in the 6
century BC describe 700 medicinal plant, 64 preparationfrom genial sources and 57 preparation based on animal sources (Girsih and Shridhar 2007).