searching at the ticket barriers on the Underground. This would cause huge delays, apartfrom finding the manpower to do it. A possible alternative is using an “electronic nose”to sniff out possible explosives so that only selected bags need to be searched by staff.
Scientists have endowed computers witheyes to see, thanks to digital cameras,and ears to hear, via microphones andsophisticated recognition software. Nowthey're taking computers further into therealm of the senses with thedevelopment of an artificial nose. Theterm "electronic nose" was first used in a jocular sense during our early work withsensor arrays in the 1980's. As thetechnology developed, it becameapparent that the animal and humanolfactory systems operate on the same principle: A relatively small number of nonselective receptors allow thediscrimination of thousands of differentodors. Electronic/artificial noses are being developed as systems for theautomated detection and classification of odors, vapors, and gases. An electronicnose (e-nose) is a device that identifiesthe specific components of an odor andanalyzes its chemical makeup to identifyit.
2.0 WHAT IS ANELECTRONIC NOSE?
An electronic nose can be regarded as amodular system comprising a set of active materials which detect the odour,associated sensors which transduce thechemical quantity into electrical signals,followed by appropriate signalconditioning and processing to classifyknown odours or identify unknownodours. The "electronic nose" is arelatively new tool that may be used for safety, quality, or process monitoring,accomplishing in a few minutes procedures that may presently requiredays to complete. The two maincomponents of an electronic nose are thesensing system which consists of chemical sensors and the automated pattern recognition system. The sensingsystem can be an array of severaldifferent sensing elements (e.g.,chemical sensors), where each elementmeasures a different property of thesensed chemical, or it can be a singlesensing device (e.g., spectrometer) that produces an array of measurements for each chemical, or it can be acombination. The quantity and