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Bihar- Nepal Earthquake 20 August 1988

Bihar- Nepal Earthquake 20 August 1988

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Published by Sujit Dasgupta
Published document from GSI Special Publication 31, 1993 on the Bihar-Nepal Earthquake of 20 August 1988
Published document from GSI Special Publication 31, 1993 on the Bihar-Nepal Earthquake of 20 August 1988

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Sujit Dasgupta on Nov 15, 2011
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PG::llI
:li!6!2
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9:(l~=q.
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q
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31
G;E,QLOG-ICA,L
'SU'RVE'y
OF
INDIA
'SP'EC:IALP'UBL~C'A'T~CN
31
 
0,.TECTON'O'..
GEOLO'GlC
FRAMEWORK
OIF
THE
,EAS,TERN
GANGETIC
F'OREDEE,P
sunr
DA,'sQU,PfA
 
BACKGROUNDINf'ORMATID'NR
tIS,
naw
,gen~!I".ally
ao~eptedltSeebef
mtd
Awm\;)rws:terr,1981.
1984~Chandta,
Ul',Q8.
1
9B9)
tlrlBt
gveatand.
mGtdem:re
(fa:tl'l1!qu~ke's
I;'tf
(~'lie
H:in:JJruEiyan
freIlt"
B1I'€1
not
pr..li:mlr:I11l'ela:ted
tothe
aetlVi,'tf'
~longthe
H!III8.
,~an
ex;pWl,ed
tbl'11at
sy~:tem"
,Q_amcly
tli1.eJvhidn.
Bound~1J'T~~t
lMaT).
f\,I"O'nl
tt"u"
p{'eili~l'l~
M"l}jghJnte.l]5~f~3
and
nearfield
e,«~crm
¢l~Sie
1,'0'
ud
s~U.lli
Qt
[tl~:MBT
it
:Lii
~1a
0
ag.r~
t~t
b
ea1!l8.atlv,efa..ult
re.s;po,JIaitiJie·
fbt.
the
m~ol~
fuo~ta'll~oredee~
le:;,:rt~~q!);a~u
fj:burled
a
[IldIl:Iea'ted
SOiU
th
Of
tb~
MaT
below
the
Siwalik
'belt
0['
'Urea.n1lJ.'iI~al'pbd:ns.
Keep~ng'lib-Laf:&lctin
VJ~W~
willmalli'!y'
,CQO-
Ice;nt:ro.te
'on
thli;;gC'liolQglcal'.'
tectonl,G
fmlIlieWOrk
~f
the
Hlmalayan
fbo":flills
belt
and]
the
EQt®'l'n
O'a~etic
F,t:!lr~lM1eep
(EOiF')to
,rleniify
pote:l,"ltia'i
se~,~
mogenlc
ftrult
that
pombly
trtu~f~dbbth
,th~
ela;d:hq~Blt!t~o:!G
9&a
~l1d
193~.
l'he
reaiil:,qn
fO:,T'
t~:di\'i
.sb~d1oonbMt
be
eJIlBIf,ess-ce.sM'a~
[1988]
has
put
'It
~Ne;pa1
qual<f!
doesn11t
nt'.
Th..
~TC'~
'P~Ll-a-
n'Jret0rs,arid,S'O!.lroe
m.ephan1l'i1U1
'cf
the
NepRl
l.I?JtSB
lar1t:bfJ]l.:lak-
d(!l
not
fi.'t
:bjto
In.od@~s,.
1
re,S;~llt.ed~a,Jflle]"
f"QI
t~e'
19134·
~\I't"tlnt
Of
othel'!arfe
:t-~jrna1!B,yan
'fQ01t11l11s.ear'tbq~~al-(~..s.
hatmvo,ke~
actl,vf!y
e"itl::le1"
along,
a
shiUbw
perth
dipping
deta,chmentp]al1e'
~S~eherIlli,n
A'r-mbntstel'"
19S'I)OJ'an~bUnd
tlrn.oot
beiewU""eforede-ep{Yeats
and
LUlle
1
1990.It.may
be,
.menth:l'ned
tha(
sueh
ModelS
have;
.bnpUaiitl'Y!or
,explldrf~f
led
tothe
co.ncep,t.
h,at
]ar,ge
fi"tjntaJ
,m.rthqual{o@sa:re
~h~nOlw
·fQai
thn,:1St'eV'el'1ffi,1llJ,cl.
al.'ie
C[\rrtl~etlt~
;a.n;ala,g1Je~
of
1,;1
r.'gt:l:
thm,st
earthq
~B
k~
a:'
l.:i~eaJn[c:sub~UCUOllmargin,$-o
TIlls;bas
ftn1:hBr'
l'e"d
t~
t1~
eli
ppH<nt.tion
'Df
t.he
eOT;lcept
of
B.e:l$'tnie
gap
'll>
liim;dayan
~nila,tfal.1.
fot
~9ngt;~mlPireQldti..orl
of
Wll·tbQ~l~es,
(s.e(l!'lmong
others.
,K,ha.;t11".l
mnd
Wyas"
1
!iI'1a.~'.S~~bel·
andAl:'J'l:lbrn.;\ste.r,1981~:
.KbaUrlanal:
~,gi,]
g~:31.
·t~l'I-l~
it
j5,
of
utmost
b1l1pcu"1tRnee'
to
It:lfe:r
tD.1!@:
nlrost
Uk-ely
:fui'lllt
T:BSpclnsJble
for
tbe
.I\qgu.~.
19S~,
,ea;rthqu~~.J1nt
GWy
ffli'
'OOle:t6:n1e
modellingbutalsoforhaitardmitigation"
Forthr1s
stu~
'WewUl
ta
ire_tutpcO-n!ldefutlp:rt
all.!!
a:v~bmp'~6,gl.g~I"
g~opl1ysrea4rIll:nd
6Jfl!:f!swQl.
ogj;eaIInfQ~~~'ttrow'hm
EGFa;nQtiasj,>eaJIy
tcn~
c~twlte!,ontbe
tdeDtifit:at~Dn
ht
lIltli
pOi~s"[ble:
fa\ll~.
'Its·
na,tu.rn.typ.e:of'RlPVElment
etc."
that
tl"l~e~dtf1.S]i
Au~~st"
I
Q88eartl
qt\akJe.
SAM,GBTIC
PO'REDEE,
'TheHlma~ay,a:n.
foredeep
Ss
aneast-west
tee-
tlO'nic
baSb",
rocatedl
along.'tbe
:s,ou~hem
mmrgi'n
of
thre
HLmamyan
·f€l,ld.
belt.The
b.~~w
"fGHllD,ecl
durlmg
tbe'
bittePaieolgeDe-Neog~n~
«f.I1e3
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totl1e
t
t
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0
tll!i2
HlmaJaya,v:i~avis
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lillif
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ofthe
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part
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Ga~ga.foredeep
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earJy~loo:z:oic
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eenttnental
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of
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dll'-ecfJy
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tmoom&rml
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h,e
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l
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I
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l
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1
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neepeniinllj
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l11;entof
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ls~
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~~ji'bl!y
lndiaa'b;:
'e:Kt,.f.::nslve:t1exui'h~g
of
Uri;:
~cO]J.,linen1!iQl
litho·,
i9J,p11e;~e·:pJf~ceedl.tng't'he
(Otmal1t;:lu
or
the
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'the'p:rI!!l-,m'lC!onfplTI11q;sedlol1.
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WaNe
've,laci
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IChtm.19'8:6)
lru1.~C!a:l':ehat
'heC'rust
be
low
the
fgJ:"~d.ee]J
~::tt
Qif
A
1:'a1r.raUii,rid:tl_e
is
of
oceanic
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ty
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poas1lhly
,much
of
the
'cnm,t

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