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news oct 25

news oct 25

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Published by: DeeanaF on Nov 15, 2011
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Govt adopts plan to revitalize farm industry – joke of the day
Japan's government has adopted an action plan for revitalizing the country's agriculture, forestryand fishery industries.The 5-year plan was adopted on Tuesday at a meeting of the government's task force for suchrevitalization.The plan calls for creating more arable land to prepare for trade liberalization, and for increasing thenumber of young farmers.The move comes at a time when Japanese farmers are voicing opposition to the country's participation in negotiations on the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement. The farmers say such participation would deal a blow to the farming industry. Many Democratic Party legislators havealso voiced opposition.Tuesday's meeting was attended by Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda and all Cabinet ministers. Nodasaid the plan will serve as a framework for Japan's administration of the agriculture, forestry andfishery industries. He instructed the ministers to do all they can to make high-level economic partnerships consistent with the industries' revitalization.The government and the Democratic Party hope to decide before next month's Asia-PacificEconomic Cooperation whether to take part in the TPP negotiations.Tuesday, October 25, 2011 16:44 +0900 (JST)http://www3.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/25_25.htmlUnedited Fukushima accident manual released, loss of power sources not envisionedThe government's Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (NISA) released part of an unedited severeaccident manual for the Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant on Oct. 24, revealing that TokyoElectric Power Co. (TEPCO) had not envisioned the possibility of all power sources at the nuclear complex being lost.TEPCO, the operator of the crippled nuclear power plant, had earlier submitted to a special Houseof Representatives committee largely blacked-out emergency operation manuals for the Fukushimanuclear facility. The manuals were in fact used when the Great East Japan Earthquake and ensuingtsunami struck the nuclear complex. On Oct. 24, NISA released part of an unedited manual after submitting it to the same lower house panel. The manual revealed the fact that there was nooperational manual that envisioned a loss of all power sources needed to activate emergencycondensers and back-up water injection devices to cool down nuclear reactors. The revelationhighlights flaws in TEPCO's contingency plan in the event of a loss of power sources.What was released on Oct. 24 is part of an emergency operation manual for the No. 1 reactor at theFukushima nuclear power plant. It shows methods of cooling down nuclear fuels as well as ways of "venting" in order to hold down pressure in the containment vessel. NISA also released documents prepared by TEPCO that compare the operation manual and what was actually done when the crisis broke out.According to the documents, all power sources were lost due to the effects of tsunami at 3:37 p.m.on March 11. As a result, whether valves for emergency condensers were operating properly couldnot be confirmed. Because the manual did not envision possibilities of all power sources, including batteries, being lost in the event that emergency generators and external power sources were lost,
 
the manual itself was in fact useless when all power sources were actually lost on that day.In September, TEPCO submitted to the lower house committee largely blacked-out manuals on the pretext of the need to protect nuclear security as part of anti-terrorism measures and intellectual property rights. NISA then ordered TEPCO to resubmit the manuals.On Oct. 22, TEPCO said at a news conference, "After comparing the manuals, there was no problem with actual operations."Click here for the original Japanese story(Mainichi Japan) October 25, 2011http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20111025p2a00m0na007000c.html 
福島第1原発:黒塗り解除し手順書を公開…保安院
2011
10
24
20
55
分 更新:
10
24
23
41
東京電力が福島第1原発の事故の際、使われた運転操作手順書のほとんどを黒塗りし衆院科学技術・イノベーション推進特別委員会に提出した問題で、 経済産業省原子力安全・保安院は24日、黒塗りをはずした手順書の一部を同委員会に提出し、公表した。原子炉を冷却する非常用復水器や代替注水装置などを 動かす際に、全電源喪失を想定した手順書がなかったことが明らかになり、電源喪失に対する想定の甘さが改めて浮き彫りになった。
◇全電源喪失、想定なく
公表されたのは1号機の「事故時運転操作手順書」の一部で、過酷事故時に核燃料を冷却する方法や原子炉格納容器を減圧させるベント(排気)などの操作方法が書かれている。保安院はこの日、手順書と実際の事故時の操作を比較した東電作成の報告書も公表した。それによると、3月11日午後3時37分、津波の影響ですべての電源を喪失した。その結果、非常用復水器の弁の開閉表示が確認できなかった。手順書は外部電源や非常用発電機を失った場合を想定し、蓄電池を含めたすべての電源を喪失した場合を想定していなかったため、手順書通り操作することができなかった。東電は9月、テロ対策などの核防護や知的財産権などを理由に手順書の大半を黒塗りして同委員会に提出し、保安院が再提出を命じていた。東電は今月22日の会見で、「手順書と照らし合わせた結果、実際の操作には問題なかった」と発表していた。【河内敏康、中西拓司】
◇保安院「メリット大きい」
経済産業省原子力安全・保安院が24日公表した福島原発事故で使われた東京電力の運転操作手順書は、当初は大半が黒塗りされていた。東電は、黒塗 りの理由としてテロ対策の核防護や知的所有権などを挙げていたが、保安院は「公表する公益上のメリットの方
 
が大きい」と判断した。公表されたのは1号機の手順書全体約1700ページの約1割にあたる。今後、2、3号機の事故に関係する部分や1号機の残り部分の公表を検討する。黒塗りの大半は、技術的な操作方法や装置の名称などで、保安院は、核防護上制限する内容はなかったと判断した。ただし、個人情報保護の観点から個人名は黒塗りを認めた。東電の松本純一原子力・立
本部
代理は24日の会見で、「もし手順書がテロリ
の手に
、(東電が)ど
するかが
把握
される
れもあ る。手順書は
プラ
ントメー
ーなどとの
同開発の成果でもあり、今後、
訴訟
スク
きる
可能性
もある」と
べた。【関東
晋慈
、中西拓司】
Parts of TEPCO's accident manuals made public
The Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency has made public a large portion of Tokyo Electric Power Company's procedural manuals for nuclear accidents.These are the manuals that the operator of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant earlier submitted to the Lower House with most of the contents blacked out. The company had insisted theinformation had to be kept secret in order to protect its intellectual property rights, and becausedisclosure could open its facilities to terrorist attack.Based on the law, the nuclear safety agency ordered TEPCO to resubmit the manuals withoutredaction.The 200 pages of documents released on Monday are from the accident procedural manuals usedfor Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. All their contents were made public, except for individuals' names.The documents show that TEPCO had not made sufficient preparations to cope with critical nuclear accidents.In the March 11th tsunami, almost all electricity sources for the reactors at Fukushima Daiichi werelost after the batteries and power supply boards were inundated.The documents reveal that TEPCO did not envision such a power failure or any kind of prolonged power loss. It assumed that in a serious incident, emergency power sources would be available tovent pressure in the reactor containment vessels or to carry out other safety procedures.The agency says it decided to make the manual public because transparency is necessary to find thecause of the Fukushima nuclear accident and to establish better safety measures for the future.Monday, October 24, 2011 21:10 +0900 (JST)http://www3.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/24_33.html

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