UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTSOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORKJon Jones, Gina Carano, Frankie Edgar, Matt Hamill,Brian Stann, Zuffa, LLC d/b/a Ultimate FightingChampionship, Danielle Hobeika, Beth Hurrle,Donna Hurrle, Steve Kardian, Joseph Lozito,Erik Owings, Chris Reitz, and Jennifer Santiago,Plaintiffs,-against-Eric T. Schneiderman, in his official capacity asAttorney General of the State of New York, andCyrus R. Vance, Jr., in his official capacity asDistrict Attorney for the County of New York,Defendants.No. 11 Civ. _______ ( )( )
Plaintiffs, on knowledge with respect to their own acts, and on information and belief with respect to all other matters, challenge the constitutionality of New York’s ban on theperformance of professional mixed martial arts before live audiences, and allege as follows.
Mixed martial arts (“MMA”) is one of the fastest growing spectator sports in theUnited States. Professional MMA involves bouts between highly trained athletes skilled invarious martial and combat arts, including karate, jiu-jitsu, boxing, kickboxing, grappling, judo,Muay Thai, and freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestling. MMA matches promoted by the UltimateFighting Championship
(“UFC”), the world’s largest professional MMA promoter, regularly fillthe nation’s—and indeed, the world’s—largest arenas. The viewership of MMA on network andpay-per-view (“PPV”) television now far outstrips that of professional boxing and wrestling.Professional MMA made its debut on primetime network television in 2008, with CBS’s live