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NFIB, et al. v Sebelius, et al. - 11-393 Brief In Opposition

NFIB, et al. v Sebelius, et al. - 11-393 Brief In Opposition

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Published by Jack Ryan
Brief in Opposition
Brief in Opposition

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: Jack Ryan on Nov 15, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/15/2011

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Nos. 11-393 and 11-400
 In the Supreme Court of the United States
N
 ATIONAL
F
EDERATION OF
I
NDEPENDENT
B
USINESS
,
ET AL
.,
PETITIONERS
v.
K
 ATHLEEN
S
EBELIUS
,
 
S
ECRETARY OF
H
EALTH AND
H
UMAN
S
ERVICES
,
ET AL
.S
TATES OF
F
LORIDA 
,
ET AL
.,
PETITIONERS
v.
D
EPARTMENT OF
H
EALTH AND
H
UMAN
S
ERVICES
,
ET AL
.
ON PETITIONS FOR A WRIT OF CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT 
CONSOLIDATED BRIEF FOR RESPONDENTS
D
ONALD
B.
 
 V 
ERRILLI
,
 
J
R
.
 Solicitor GeneralCounsel of Record
T
ONY
 W
EST
 Assistant Attorney General
M
 ARK
B.
 
S
TERN
 A 
LISA 
B.
 
K
LEIN
S
 AMANTHA 
L.
 
C
HAIFETZ
D
 ANA 
K
 AERSVANG
 Attorneys Department of JusticeWashington, D.C. 20530-0001 SupremeCtBriefs@usdoj.gov(202) 514-2217 
 
QUESTIONS PRESENTED
Petitioners challenge the constitutionality of certainprovisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Pub. L. No. 111-148, 124 Stat. 119, amended by theHealth Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010,Pub. L. No. 111-152, 124 Stat. 1029, and urge, further,that none of the Act’s provisions could be severed fromthe Act’s minimum coverage provision if that provision were invalidated. The questions presented are:1.Whether the provision of the Act that expandseligibility for Medicaid to cover individuals with incomeup to 133% of the federal poverty level, 42 U.S.C.A.1396a(a)(10)(A)(i)(VIII), is a valid exercise of Congress’spower to set the terms on which it will appropriate fed-eral funds. (No. 11-400 only)2.Whether the provision of the Act that, under cer-tain circumstances, establishes penalties for large em-ployers that do not offer adequate health insurance cov-erage to full-time employees, 26 U.S.C.A. 4980H, is con-stitutional as applied to state employers. (No. 11-400only)3.Whether other provisions of the Act could be sev-ered from the Act’s minimum coverage provision,26 U.S.C.A. 5000A, if that provision were found to be un-constitutional.
(I)
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PageOpinions below........................................1Jurisdiction...........................................2Statement............................................2 Argument............................................8Conclusion..........................................33
TABLE OF AUTHORITIES
Cases:
 Alexander 
v.
“Americans United” Inc.
, 416 U.S. 752(1974)..........................................20
 Ayotte
 v.
Planned Parenthood
, 546 U.S. 320 (2006).....27
 Bob Jones University
v.
 Simon
, 416 U.S. 725(1974).......................................19, 20
 Bowen
v.
 Public Agencies Opposed to Soc. Sec. Entrapment
, 477 U.S. 41 (1986)................12, 14
California
v.
United States
, 104 F.3d 1086 (9th Cir.),cert. denied, 522 U.S. 806 (1997)...................15
 Davis
v.
 Federal Election Comm’n
, 554 U.S. 724(2008)..........................................29
 Free Enterprise Fund
v.
 Public Co. AccountingOversight Bd.
, 130 S. Ct. 3138 (2010)............27, 28
 Flemming
v.
 Nestor 
, 363 U.S. 603 (1960)..............12
Garcia
v.
 San Antonio Metro. Transit Auth.
,469 U.S. 528 (1985).......................7, 9, 22, 23
 Harris
v.
 McRae
, 448 U.S. 297 (1980)..............11, 14
 Jefferson County Pharm. Ass’n
v.
 Abbott Labs.
,460 U.S. 150 (1983)..............................20
 Jim C.
v.
United States
, 235 F.3d 1079 (8th Cir. 2000),cert. denied, 533 U.S. 949 (2001)...................15(III)

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