The Equipment Design Process
Most engineers, at some point in their careers, are aced with the problemo selecting a material o construction or a specic project or application.This applies equally to mechanical, civil, chemical, aeronautical, or any otherengineering or related discipline.In most cases the selection process requires that the engineer must reerto more than one engineering discipline in order to select the most suitablematerial o construction. For example, chemical engineers must be aware othe mechanical properties o materials, as must structural engineers, while both must be aware o the corrosion-resistant properties o materials — andso with other engineering disciplines.It is the purpose o this chapter to point out the various considerations thatmust be taken into account, with primary emphasis being placed on corro-sion resistance.
11.1 Understanding the Application
Beore any consideration can be given to the selection o a material o con-struction, there must be a thorough understanding o the application.I the application is a structure, whether it be a tower, bridge, or building,it is important that the location be dened because it will be subject to atmo-spheric corrosion.Because atmospheric corrosion rates are aected by local conditions, atmo-spheres are classied according to exposure conditions. The major catego-ries, based on potential corrosion rates, are:Rural
The rst our categories can be urther subdivided into arctic, temperate, andtropical (wet or dry) because the dierences in temperature, humidity, and
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