decision on various options and alternatives needs that in real terms arefelt by the community. The choice of these needs, will determine aparadigm, a model, nor a principle of development. Paradigms, models,and the principle of such development will determine the colors, patterns,attitudes and behavior in the processes of further development.S.C.Dube in his book “Modernization and Development: The SearchFor Alternative Paradigm” mention that,
“The gap between the promiseand performance of development and modernization during the last threedecades has caused acute disappointment which is lead to a continuousdebate.”
He also discussed the major issues of dilemmas that often arisein the development; such as development vs non development,endogenous vs exogenous, the industrialization vs the environment,Industry vs agriculture, physical investment vs investment in humancapital, evolutionary vs revolutionary, and so on. Those discussion reminded me of my hometown, Semarang – TheCapital of Central Java Province, where in an effort to develop the city,searching for identity, and trying to transform into a metropolitan city,often accompanied by a variety of dilemmas as it mentioned by S.C.Dubeabove. Where then in this paper, I will try to slightly show an overview of development in Semarang City, the dilemmas that is often faced indetermining the direction of development, and also the colors, patterns,attitudes and behavior in the processes of further development.
Semarang, Things to Remember.
Semarang, as one of the biggest city in Indonesia and the capital of Central Java, has a long history. Beginning from plains of mud, which laterdeveloped rapidly into advanced environments and manifest themselvesas an important city. Customary and politically established in 1547 AD,Semarang constantly evolve and growing rapidly during the occupation of the Dutch Colonial Government in the 1800s. At that time also builtvarious facilities and urban infrastructure such as roads, railtransportation, markets and so on.Next is the development Semarang as a major port city that visitedby traders from all over the world. The strategic location of Semarang,between Batavia / Jakarta and Surabaya contributed to the growing of Semarang as a the advance port city. The culture was developed rapidly,marked by the growth of various neighborhoods between nations andbetween religions which each bring a diversity to enriched the city. TheDutch government strongly beautify the city by constructing variousbuildings with beautiful architecture, wide road corridors, and supportedthe city with a typical Dutch infrastructure. The things to remember was the existence of divergentcommunities and the physical condition of the city at that time really putSemarang as one of the potential city in Indonesia.