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Dilemma Paper Manda

Dilemma Paper Manda

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Published by: amandarika on Nov 16, 2011
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11/16/2011

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DEVELOPMENT THEORIES
Dilemmas of Modernization andDevelopment
Written by.Angela Yerina Mandarika
Batch.IXMASTER OF URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNINGGADJAH MADA UNIVERSITY2011
 
Semarang City 
:
Image of City DevelopmentDilemmas
 
Introductory.
Development should be as an attempt to create or developthe city into a comfortable environment for both economicinterests and social-cultural (the city where community life)
.When we use the word “developmentwe imply a process ormovement, presumably forward, upward or generally toward somethingbetter than what was. But we have to circumspect with the use of wordslike development in general. We have to understand that sometimes thiswords are used by certain people to promote a certain kind of agenda,ideology, and notions about what they consider to be right or is the truth. This case is also often occurs in efforts to establish identity of a city,where various interests are cornucopia into a single vision on behalf of development. The city that always growing both naturally and through the processof planning and design, faced with the problem of “not reaching an idealcondition” to demanding needs the development goals. There are threeorientations of development that should be considered in thedevelopment process, namely: orientation on physical development(development orientation); orientation to the community (communityorientation) and the orientation of the conservation (conservationorientation). Development interest becomes very crucial in the success /the failure of "physical intervention" to the city development.As a process, urban development (either partially or comprehensiveas a form of regional and/or city design) should be recognized as an actionto add or modify and/or eliminate something old to presents somethingnew to fix the previous conditions. But this immediately raises all sorts of questions. Do the aim of those development in order to “fix” is reached (inthe frame of the three orientations as mention above)? What impactcaused by a series of such development? What method should be used bydecission makers in developing their city? The questions that arise accompanied with the various interests arealways created a dilemma in the development of a city. A
dilemma,
whichaccording to various dictionaries defined as a situation that requires achoice between options that are or seem equally unfavorable or mutuallyexclusive or in other terms mention as aproblemoffering at least twopossibilities, neither of which is practically acceptable, is often become adifficult choices in determining the policies and the direction of development. Determining the direction of a development requiring a
 
decision on various options and alternatives needs that in real terms arefelt by the community. The choice of these needs, will determine aparadigm, a model, nor a principle of development. Paradigms, models,and the principle of such development will determine the colors, patterns,attitudes and behavior in the processes of further development.S.C.Dube in his book “Modernization and Development: The SearchFor Alternative Paradigm” mention that,
“The gap between the promiseand performance of development and modernization during the last threedecades has caused acute disappointment which is lead to a continuousdebate.” 
He also discussed the major issues of dilemmas that often arisein the development; such as development vs non development,endogenous vs exogenous, the industrialization vs the environment,Industry vs agriculture, physical investment vs investment in humancapital, evolutionary vs revolutionary, and so on. Those discussion reminded me of my hometown, Semarang – TheCapital of Central Java Province, where in an effort to develop the city,searching for identity, and trying to transform into a metropolitan city,often accompanied by a variety of dilemmas as it mentioned by S.C.Dubeabove. Where then in this paper, I will try to slightly show an overview of development in Semarang City, the dilemmas that is often faced indetermining the direction of development, and also the colors, patterns,attitudes and behavior in the processes of further development.
Semarang, Things to Remember.
Semarang, as one of the biggest city in Indonesia and the capital of Central Java, has a long history. Beginning from plains of mud, which laterdeveloped rapidly into advanced environments and manifest themselvesas an important city. Customary and politically established in 1547 AD,Semarang constantly evolve and growing rapidly during the occupation of the Dutch Colonial Government in the 1800s. At that time also builtvarious facilities and urban infrastructure such as roads, railtransportation, markets and so on.Next is the development Semarang as a major port city that visitedby traders from all over the world. The strategic location of Semarang,between Batavia / Jakarta and Surabaya contributed to the growing of Semarang as a the advance port city. The culture was developed rapidly,marked by the growth of various neighborhoods between nations andbetween religions which each bring a diversity to enriched the city. TheDutch government strongly beautify the city by constructing variousbuildings with beautiful architecture, wide road corridors, and supportedthe city with a typical Dutch infrastructure. The things to remember was the existence of divergentcommunities and the physical condition of the city at that time really putSemarang as one of the potential city in Indonesia.

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