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Mr. BASAVARAJ INGIN. CIFA (Consortium of Indian Farmers Associations). India.

Mr. BASAVARAJ INGIN. CIFA (Consortium of Indian Farmers Associations). India.

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Published by ffwconference
Plenary Panel Session
THE VOICE OF FARMERS TO THE GLOBAL SITUATION
Plenary Panel Session
THE VOICE OF FARMERS TO THE GLOBAL SITUATION

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Published by: ffwconference on Nov 16, 2011
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01/04/2014

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THE VOICE OF FARMERS TO THE GLOBAL SITUATION
 
BASAVARAJ INGIN,INDIA
The global situation in the farm sector is not farmer friendly. So naturally the farmerwill not have any inclination to accept the situation as they are. The situations indeveloped and rich countries may be different from the situations in the developingand poor countries. The farm sectors in developed countries is only for moreproduction, more profit making, in other words, commercialisations. Added to thisthe Governments in the developed countries extends many sops including domesticprotection and also export support. Whereas the developing countries do not havethe support of Government equal to the developed countries. Therefore the farmingin developing countries is for sustainable agriculture and to fight for maintaining thelively hood of agriculture family.The world’s population is growing at the rate of 1,50,000 per day and willcontinue to grow for another 40years. Therefore naturally the food production willneed to increase by 70% to feed the growing population.There is another truth to be brone in mind that there is enough food to fedthe global population despite the specter of food insecurity. The surplus is availableto those who control those access arable lands, it is not available to other countrieslike India. China is attempting to feed 21% of world’s population with 7% of theworld’s arable lands and India is attempting to feed 17% of world’s population with anear 2% of world’s arable lands. It is tough task to fulfill.Few farmers may be self sufficient today but that is changing and they needto prepare for more. There has been a predictably rapid rise in starvation, hungerand malnutrition in poorer populations around the world.The reason why an effort is made to mention about the food security inbetween is the agriculture decline is taking place at the time when internationalprices of major food grains are going up steeply, partly due to the use of grains forethanol production. Land for food v/s fuel is becoming a major issue. Internationaltrade is also becoming free but not fare. Recently Dr. Manmohan singh HonranblePrime Minister of India during his address to UN remarked that the liberization,privatization and globalization though initially shown little productivity but they haveresulted in negative dimensions of globalizations.To meet the above challenges of increasing productivity and feeding thehungry, caring for earth is an unanswerable question when looked into thedevelopments of the situations. Since the agriculture is turned out to be an
 
unproductive and nonremunerative a farmer is exiting from the farm felid and goingto the urban centres to more remunerative earnings by doing day to day labourworks.The scarcity of land and water has caused a great concern to farmers.Besides global warming and uncertain seasonal conditions are another challenge tobe faced by the farmers. Added to this the rich and multinationals have started tograb fertile and cultivable land in the guys of creating infrastructure like industry,education, health etc. For this the governments are giving more protection for landacquisition sacrifing the interesting of farmers.Already there is land rush and fragmentation due to the increase of population and fragmentation of land due to division of families. When the area of cultivable and fertile land goes of decreasing the problems of farmers and farmsector and also food security becomes in remunerable. There are genuine fears inthe developing countries where a situation entering a phase of food imperialism. If such countries including India does not act now the choice will be between foodimperialism and technology imperialism.To tackle all this farmer is looking at the public investment not only forcreation of infrastructure required for inputs but also assistance of science andtechnology in providing the non GM high yielding seeds which have the regulargermination character and provide facilities for implementing the guildenies of FAOand to achieve the goal UN committee on food security for global soil partnership forfood security and climate change adaption and mitigation which was launchedearlier.Basically the farmer is looking for public support for contain the migration of farmers and exit of farmers from farm field to the urban centres in search of moreremunerative jobs.Therefore our dialogue with the government are based on around containingfarmers exit from the farm lands and to change the mind set of farmers and also toretain on his farm through regular counselling so that a sort of confidence is injectedin him so that we may build his capacity to produce more poison free food to be apart to free the hugry and to care for earth.Therefore we are now concentrating our dialogue with government on thefollowing points
1.
 
Deurbanization2.
 
Creation of urban facilities at rural centers
 
3.
 
To stop forthwith acquisition of cultivable and fertile land for any purpose.4.
 
Even if the waste and urban land of a farmer was to be acquired forinfrastructure the land shall be alienated and transferred to the person ororganization for whom the land was needed. But the land should be treatedas a share investment of the farmer and land should continue in his nameand also he should get the share of the activity for which the land is to beused.5.
 
Creating off farm employment at rural parts including dairy, animalhusbandry, poultry, sheep breeding, piggery, fishery and sericulture andalso cottage industries including grading, value addition and processing of agri produces.6.
 
Managing our soil and water resources in a sustainable manner with newpolitical vision.7.
 
Decisions of import and export of agri produces to be taken only after onlyafter taking farmers into confidence and that to only when there is need.8.
 
To incentive agri research and extension with the partnership of farmersgroups.9.
 
To bring about market reforms treating the country as one zone.10.
 
To create more storage capacity including cold storage chain.11.
 
Reorient MGNREGA for encouraging productivity building.12.
 
To incentivise majors for mechanisation of all agriculture activitiesespecially based on the needs of small and marginal farmers13.
 
To incentivise allied sectors of animal husbandry, dairy and aqua.14.
 
To decentralize agriculture planning empowering and making directallocation to panchayat and farmer groups by the planning commissions.15.
 
To establish national farmers
Advisory Council
 16.
 
More public support( government) for productivity and marketing includingexport on par with developed countries.17.
 
To tackle the uncertainties of the seasonal conditions introduce individualfarm based insurance.18.
 
Farmer should have right to fix the price of agri commodity and not themarket or government.19.
 
Women farmer should have the legal rights of properties especially of allagriculture related properties.20.
 
As far as India is concerned we now demand for immediate implementationof the national farmers commissions report submitted by Dr. M Sswaminathan and till a final shape of right to fix price of agri commodities isintroduced the price should be based on the recommdations of nationalfarmers commissions report.21.
 
To have programs for capacity building of young and women farmers.

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