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08-visarga-anusvara

08-visarga-anusvara

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Published by api-27104708
visarga & anusvara intro
visarga & anusvara intro

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Published by: api-27104708 on Oct 18, 2008
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05/09/2014

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ivsgR siNx
ivsgRis the result of siNx rules. A \u2018r!\u2019 or \u2018s!\u2019 at the end of a pdm! becomes a ivsgR under certain situations.

But here we assume aivsg R is already present and observe the modifications. Aivsg R depends upon a preceding
vowel for its pronunciation and always has a vowel preceding it. It is pronounced as an aspirated sound.
Therefore the following rules will consider theivsg R and the vowel that precedes it.

1
A>
+
A
\u21d2
A>
\u21d2
izv>+
Ahm!
\u21d2
izvae Ahm!
\u21d2izvae=Ahm!
theA changes toAae & the followingA is
dropped. (Ref. exception#1 ofAyavsiNx)
2
A>
+any vowel,
exceptA
ram>+
#CDit
\u21d2
ram #CDit
nm>+
naray[ay
\u21d2
nm>
naray[ay
nra>+
AqiNt
\u21d2
nra AqiNt
g[pit>+
Avtu
\u21d2g[pitrvtu
gu\u00e9>+
\u00e4\u00fca
\u21d2
gu\u00e9\u00e4R\u00fca
AnuSvar siNx
AnuSvar( a~ ) is a product of a m! or n!under certain circumstances. It is a product of siNxrules.
Rules ofAnuSvar
1.Them! at the end of apd will be replaced by anAnuSvar when followed by a consonant.
e.g.
\u00a2amm!+ gCDit= \u00a2am< gCDit.
Why \u2018when followed by a consonant\u2019 ?
1.\u00a2amm! +gCDit = \u00a2amm! gCDit. - herem! is followed by a vowel, hence noAnuSvar
2.gCDit +\u00a2amm! = gCDit \u00a2amm! . - here no consonant follows, hence noAnuSvar
2.Them! orn! that is Not the end of apdm! will Also be replaced by anAnuSvar when followed by a consonant,
other than a nasal ('\u0153 ,|! ,[! ,n! ,m!) or a semi-vowel (y! ,r! ,l! ,v!) follows.
e.g.
pyan!s!+ #= pya<is
milks / watersnouns
Aa\u00b3m!+ Sy+ te= Aa\u00b3<Syte
3.TheAnuSvar that is followed by any consonant, other thanh! ,z! ,;! ,s! is replaced by the nasal belonging to
the class of the following consonant.
e.g. 1
\u00a2amm!+ gCDit= \u00a2am< gCDit\u21d2 \u00a2am\u00bcCDit\u21d2 \u00a2am< gCDit .
e.g. 2
isNc+ Ait\u21d2 is<cit\u21d2 is\u00c2it.
In the above e.g.1 the pronunciation will always be\u00a2am\u00bcCDit i.e. theAnuSvar takes the phonetic corresponding to
the consonant that follows it.

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