Testimony of Katherine Oyama, Copyright Counsel, Google Inc.Before the House of Representatives Committee on the JudiciaryHearing on H.R. 3261, the Stop Online Piracy ActNovember 16, 2011
Chairman Smith, Ranking Member Conyers, and members of the committee. Thank you for t
he opportunity to testify on the recently introduced Stop Online Piracy Act (―SOPA‖),
H.R. 3261.During these difficult economic times, we are proud to represent and be part of one of the fastestgrowing sectors of the U.S. economy, with a strong record of job-creation and innovation. The Internettoday remains one of the few bright lights of our economy.In 2010, for example, Google alone generated $64 billion of economic activity for American businessesand non-profits. In addition, a recent McKinsey Global Institute report
found that the Internet
represents 15 percent of U.S. Gross Domestic Product (―GDP‖) growth in the last five years. According
to the report, if Internet consumption and expenditure were a sector, its contribution to GDP would begreater than energy, agriculture, communication, mining, or utilities. In addition, the Internet industry has increased productivity for small and medium-sized businesses by 10 percent. And Internetadvertising alone is responsible for $300 billion of economic activity in the United States, representing 2.1 percent of U.S. GDP.
The Internet industry has serious concerns with SOPA. Earlier this week, nine leading Internetcompanies (AOL, eBay, Facebook, Google, LinkedIn, Mozilla, Twitter, Yahoo!, and Zynga) sent a letterto the Committee, echoing concerns voiced by industry associations, entrepreneurs, small businessowners, librarians, law professors, venture capitalists, human rights advocates, cybersecurity experts,public interest groups, and tens of thousands of private citizens. That letter is attached to this testimony,and my prepared testimony has been endorsed by the Consumer Electronics Association, the Computer& Communications Industry Association, TechNet, and NetCoalition
associations that sought totestify directly today and represent a diversity of concerns with legislation that could impact theinnovation and growth of the Internet.
We support SOPA’s stated goal of providing additional enforcement tools to combat foreign rogue
websites that are dedicated to copyright infringement and counterfeiting. Unfortunately, we cannotsupport the bill as written, as it would expose law-abiding U.S. Internet and technology companies tonew uncertain liabilities, private rights of action, and technology mandates that could require monitoring of web sites and social media. Moreover, we are concerned that the bill sets a precedent in favor of
Internet censorship and could jeopardize our nation’s cybersecurity. In short, we believe the bill, as
McKinsey Global Institute, ―Internet Matters,‖ (May 2011),
John Dreighton and John Quelch, ―