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Mandarin Uncensored Class 3

Mandarin Uncensored Class 3

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Published by Jennifer Ball
Berkeley Extension
Berkeley Extension

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Published by: Jennifer Ball on Nov 16, 2011
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01/26/2013

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Mandarin I Berkeley Extension: Class 3, Sept. 20, 2011, Virginia Mau, instructor. Notes and irritating commentary by Jennifer Ball.Mandarin Uncensored © 9/9/2011: avail. at www.originofalphabet.com rev. 20 October 2011 9:20 AM
Page 1
Mandarin I Berkeley Extension - Class 3 Sept. 20, 2011
425 Market StreetSan Francisco, CAProfessor: Virginia Mau (pronounced “Mew”)Notes taken and commentary (marked by“Note:”) by Jennifer Ball (because of the typefacewhich I must use to render the Chinese characters correctly, extra spaces are occasionally seenbefore and after apostrophes and quotes).
Pinyin on top, my pronunciation (Californian) on bottomao ei ou ui unow A o way wanai ie uo iu ünI yay waw you you-in(g)üeyou-ayan en ineng yingang eng ing ongyang“g” sound made at back of nose
Traditional/Simplied(seebelow;theslashdenotestraditionalrstwhenitexists)Onlyexamplesof“R”:
/入 
Re4ri4ru4hotsunenter
入口
ru4kou3(ruco)=entrance
老虎
lao3hu3=oldtiger
ToneSandhi
(so we can all learn...)
From:http://www.shlrc.mq.edu.au/masters/students/raltwarg/di_tone.htm
 
Mandarin I Berkeley Extension: Class 3, Sept. 20, 2011, Virginia Mau, instructor. Notes and irritating commentary by Jennifer Ball.
Page 2
Mandarin Uncensored © 9/9/2011: avail. at www.originofalphabet.com rev. 20 October 2011 9:20 AMMandarin I Berkeley Extension: Class 3, Sept. 20, 2011, Virginia Mau, instructor. Notes and irritating commentary by Jennifer Ball.Mandarin Uncensored © 9/9/2011: avail. at www.originofalphabet.com rev. 20 October 2011 9:20 AM
Page3“Tonesvarybasedontheircontext.Thesechanges,andtheruleswithwhichtheyareassociated,arecalledtonesandhi.ThecanonicalsandhiofMandarinrelateprimarilytoTone3:
1.
Tone3+Tone3:Whentwotone3...syllablesareadjacent,therstonechangestotone2....Thisap
-
pliestostringsofanylengthoftone3syllables(butmaybeaffectedbyphrasing):“wouldliketobuyagoodhorse...”xiang3mai3hao3ma3=>xiang2mai2hao2ma3(Pinyin)
2.
Tone3+Tones1,2,4:Whenathirdtonesyllableisfollowedbyasyllablewithatoneotherthanthirdtone,itchangestoalow-risingtonewiththepitchcontour21.[Chao68]callsthisthe“1/2thirdtone”:
“a good book...”
hao3shu1=>hao1/2of3shu1(Pinyin)3.Tone2=>Tone1:Ina3-syllablestring,whenatone2syllableisprecededbyatone1or2andfol
-
lowedbyanytoneotherthanneutraltone,the2ndsyllablechangestotone1:“thethirdgrade...”san1nian2ji2=>san1nian1ji2”AnexampleofMandarinspeechfromthesamewebsite:
 
“[Chao68]alsoindicates‘morpho-phonemic’tonesandhi,toneswhichchangefourdifferentcharactersindifferentcontexts.Theseare...thewordsforseven,eight,one,andnot(Pinyin:qi,ba,yi,bu).Ofthese,thetonesandhiforsevenandeightare‘optional’,andIwillthereforerefrainfromfurtherexpla
-
nationofthemhere.Incitationform,‘bu’isatonefoursyllable,and‘yi’isatoneonesyllable.Incon
-
nectedspeech,theybothappearintone2beforeatone4,andintone4beforeothertones.”
ThisanalysisofspeechsuggeststhatmyearlierquoteaboutTone1beinga“D”isincorrect.Itisclearlymorecomplicatedthanthat.
/饿
lei4e4mang2tiredhungrybusy
非常忙
fei1changmang=verybusy
開/开
Kai1=openbottle,lightson
开心
kai1xin1=open(That’stheofcialformof“heart”ontheright;keepinmindthatmajorcharactershavemorethanoneform.)
爸爸妈妈
Traditional“ma1”character:
ba4bama1maAlso,Ms.Mausaidwecanuseacharacterwhichmeans“duplicate”insteadofrepeatingcharacters.Icouldn’tndthisonline,soIaskedmynative-speakingfriend,Ms.Lin.Thisiswhatshesaid:“Ilearnedthis[character]frommymomalongtimeago.However,Ihaveneverseenitwritteninatextbookoranysortofformalwriting.Mymomcallsitthelazywayofwritingthesecondcharacter.maybethat’swhyyouwon’tnditinadictionary.Ijustdidasearch,Ican’teither.Otherthanseeingitinhandwrittenform...Ihaven’tseenittypedintextbefore.Idon’teventhinkithasasoundorpinyin.Also,Ibelieveit’sarather‘new’character.”
妈
     h    t    t   p   :     /     /   w   w   w .   s   e   n   g   p     i   e     l    a   u     d     i   o .   c   o   m     /   c    a     l   c   u     l    a    t   o   r  -   n   o    t   e   n    a   m   e   s .     h    t   m
 
Mandarin I Berkeley Extension: Class 3, Sept. 20, 2011, Virginia Mau, instructor. Notes and irritating commentary by Jennifer Ball.
Page4
Mandarin Uncensored © 9/9/2011: avail. at www.originofalphabet.com rev. 20 October 2011 9:20 AMMandarin I Berkeley Extension: Class 3, Sept. 20, 2011, Virginia Mau, instructor. Notes and irritating commentary by Jennifer Ball.Mandarin Uncensored © 9/9/2011: avail. at www.originofalphabet.com rev. 20 October 2011 9:20 AM
Page 5
ba4bama1maThisexampleillustratesthecoherenceChineseculture.Hereisacharacterthatisnotinanydictionaryandithasnoname,yetitisknown.Itonlypassesthroughwordofmouth.ThisiswhysomuchofChi
-
nesecanbeunderstoodbynativespeakersthroughcontext.Thischaracteralmostlookslikeoneofthesetwocharactersmeaning“many”duo1:
多
,exceptthatthefootiscutoff.Soatruncated,singleversioncouldmeanjustonemore.Interestingthatthewordis“duo”andyouseetwocharacters,whichisconsistentwithourword“duo.”ChineseandEnglisharemuchcloserthanmostpeoplerealize.It’sallamatterofperspective.Takethe“mapview.”
Uncle:Whydoyousupposeitmeans“surrender”?
“Someoneyoudon’tknow,youjustcall‘Uncle.’”AMs.Mauquote,explainingthecomplexityofrela
-
tionshipnamesinChinese,butimplyingthateverystrangemaleis“Uncle.”PerhapsthisiswhyMilkahgaveeightchildrentoheruncleintheBible.Inatimewhenyoudidn’tknowyourfather,everyoldermalewasuncle.Keepinmindthatgenetictestingnowshowsthat10%ofthepopulationtestedthinksthattheirfatherissomeoneotherthantheirfather.Historiansbelievethisnumberwasalotlargerinthepast.Whydoyouthink
好
meansgood?Thisisnotshowing“woman”and“man,”thisisshowing“woman”and“child.”Animportantdistinction.Menweren’tpairedwithonewomanuntilveryrecently.(andevennowit’softenserialmonogamy).
子
means“child;midnight;son;child;seed;egg;smallthing”(
 MandarinTools.com).
Midnightmightbethetimewhensomeonesurprisesyouandimplantsachild.Weexistbecauseourancestorslikedsex.
哥哥
ElderBro:ge1ge(guhguh)
弟弟
YoungerBrodi4di(deedee)Basedonthedescriptionbelow,youngerbrotherhasan“arrow”insidehis“bow.”Readthisaseuphemism.That’swhyyoupityhim.relatedto:
=pity
“Thischaracterissupposedtobeapictureofanarrowstayedonthebow[
=bow]
,hence‘topity,’”page74,
 Reading & WritingChinese, Traditional Character Edition.
WillamMcNaughtonandLiYing.
姐姐
Eldersisjie3jie3(jayjay)
妹妹 
Youngersismei4mei(maymay)
未
=notyet;didnot;havenot;not
She’sthekidsisterbecauseyou’renotsupposedtohavesexwithheryet.This“notyet”characterisatreewithacrossthatwouldseemtosignifyabarrier.Sincewomenareoftenassociatedwithtrees,thisis
a tree standing in for a woman. According to
China, A History of the Laws, Manners and Customs of thePeople”
byJohnHenryGray(America:Dover,©2002;originallypublishedin1878),whichIboughtattheHuntingtonLibrary:“Inthebeginning,soChinesewritersrelate,whenallwasdarknessandconfusion,therecamefromavastegg,whichdivideditselfintotwoparts,ahumanbeing,whois,andhasalwaysbeenknowninChi
-
neseannalsasPoon-kooWong[andhemadesomestuffsimilartoGodatthebeginningofGenesis]....Thenhecalledintoexistencetheveelementsofearth,water,re,metal,andwood...Chinesewriterssayalsothat,inordertopeopletheearth,Poon-kooWongmadeacloudofvapourrisefromapieceofgold,andasimilarcloudfromapieceofwood.Bybreathingonthemhegavetothevapourwhicharoseformthegold,amaleprinciple;andtothatwhichascendedformthewood,afemaleprinciple.Fromtheunionofthesetwocloudsorspirits,sprangasonanddaughter....andthedescendantsofthispair...overspreadthewholecountry.”AdamandEveareGoldandWood.Notethatwoodisthelastelement.Whendowomengetabreak?They’rewood,they’reanimals,they’rebeasts.Allbecausewehavemilkandbearchildren.Earlyman,besidesbeingjealous,wantedtocontrolthatforhimself.Whichiswhywomenstillcannotcontroltheirownbodiesinmostcountries,includingtheU.S.Ms.Mausays,“Disrespectfultocallyourrelativesbytheiractualnames.”Muchnicerandpreferredtorefertorelativeswithrelationshipnames.Claimskinthisway,acknowledgesrelationship.Step-relatives:
繼/继
 ji4=tocontinue;tofollowafter;then;afterwards;togoonwith;tosucceed;toinherit

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