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Differences Between Anthracite and Bituminous Coal

Differences Between Anthracite and Bituminous Coal

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03/18/2014

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Differences between Anthraciteand Bituminous Coal
 
Anthracite CoalBituminous Coal
1. Anthracite
is a harder, glossy,black and compact variety omineral coal.
1. Bituminous Coal
is relativelyless hard and less compact qualityof coal. It is usually Black orsometimes Dark Brown in color,often with well-defined bands of bright and dull material.
2.
The term
Anthracite
is appliedto those varieties of coal which donot give off tarry or otherhydrocarbon vapors when heatedbelow their point of ignition.
2. Bituminous Coal
containsrelatively larger percentage of tarry and other volatilecompounds. That is why when it isheated below its point of ignitionthese volatile compounds likemethane and ethane are evolved.
3.
The very small percentage of tarry and other volatilecompounds in Anthracite makes ituse directly without furtherprocessing.
3.
As Bituminous Coal containsrelatively larger percentage of tarry and other volatilehydrocarbons, it is furtherprocessed before use and coking isdone. That is Bituminous Coal isconverted into COKE.Anthracitization is thetransformation of bituminous coalinto anthracite coal. BituminousCoal undergoes some geologicalchanges in Anthracitization.
4.
It has the highest carbon countand contains the fewest impuritiesof all coals. Its carbon content isbetween 92% and 98%, the restis composed of water, air,hydrogen, and sulphur.
4.
The carbon content obituminous coal is around 60-80%,the rest is composed of water, air,hydrogen, and sulphur which havenot been driven off from themacerals.
5.
It is low sulfur and high BTUcoal.
5.
It is relatively high sulphur, lesscarbon and less BTU coal.
6.
The heat content of anthraciteranges from 22 to 28 million Btuper short ton (26-33 MJ/kg) on amoist, mineral-matter-free basis.
6.
The heat content of bituminouscoal ranges from 21 to 30 millionBtu/ton (24-35 MJ/kg) on a moist,mineral-matter-free basis.
7.
It is also free from included softor fibrous notches and does notsoil the fingers when rubbed.
7.
It may contain soft or fibrousnotches and can soil the fingerswhen rubbed.
8.
Anthracite ignites with difficultyand burns with a short, blue, andsmokeless flame. It burns cleaner,hotter and longer than any othercoal. These properties make itideal for home heating use.
8.
It is of better quality than
lignite coal
but of 
poorer qualitythan anthracite coal. Its Flame
is also less hot and produces blacksmoke as well. Also its flameremains for less period of time.That is why it is not useful asdomestic fuel.
9.
Anthracite coal is the highest of the
metamorphic
rank.
9.
Bituminous coal is an
organicsedimentary
 
rock
formed by

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