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Finished Products of Petroleum

Finished Products of Petroleum

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Published by: api-3764139 on Oct 18, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Finished Products of
Petroleum

Petroleum products fall into three major categories:fuels such as motor gasoline and distillate fuel oil (diesel fuel); finished nonfuel products such as solvents and lubricating oils; andfeedstocks for the petrochemical industry such as naphtha and

various refinery gases.
Finished Nonfuel Products

Nonfuel use of petroleum is small compared with fuel use, but petroleum products account for about 89 percent of the Nation's total energy consumption for nonfuel uses. There are many nonfuel uses for petroleum, including various specialized products for use in the textile, metallurgical, electrical, and other industries. A partial list of nonfuel uses for petroleum includes:

\u2022
Solvents such as those used in paints, lacquers, and printing inks
\u2022
Lubricating oils and greases for automobile engines and other machinery
\u2022
Petroleum (or paraffin) wax used in candy making, packaging, candles, matches,
and polishes
\u2022
Petrolatum (petroleum jelly) sometimes blended with paraffin wax in medical
products and toiletries
\u2022
Asphalt used to pave roads and airfields, to surface canals and reservoirs, and to
make roofing materials and floor coverings
\u2022

Petroleum coke used as a raw material for many carbon and graphite products, including furnace electrodes and liners, and the anodes used in the production of aluminum.

\u2022

Petroleum Feedstocks used as chemical feedstock derived from petroleum principally for the manufacture of chemicals, synthetic rubber, and a variety of plastics.

1.Asphalt and Bitumen

Asphalt is a dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumen as the
predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing. The definition
includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes,
the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates
blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. The conversion factor for asphalt
is 5.5 barrels per short ton.

Bitumen is a solid, semi-solid or viscous hydrocarbon with a colloidal

structure, being brown to black in color, obtained as a residue in the distillation of crude oil, vacuum distillation of oil residues from atmospheric distillation. Bitumen is often referred to asasphalt and is primarily used to pave roads and

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