Petroleum products fall into three major categories:fuels such as motor gasoline and distillate fuel oil (diesel fuel); finished nonfuel products such as solvents and lubricating oils; andfeedstocks for the petrochemical industry such as naphtha and
Nonfuel use of petroleum is small compared with fuel use, but petroleum products account for about 89 percent of the Nation's total energy consumption for nonfuel uses. There are many nonfuel uses for petroleum, including various specialized products for use in the textile, metallurgical, electrical, and other industries. A partial list of nonfuel uses for petroleum includes:
Petroleum coke used as a raw material for many carbon and graphite products, including furnace electrodes and liners, and the anodes used in the production of aluminum.
Petroleum Feedstocks used as chemical feedstock derived from petroleum principally for the manufacture of chemicals, synthetic rubber, and a variety of plastics.
Asphalt is a dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumen as the
predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing. The definition
includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes,
the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates
blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. The conversion factor for asphalt
is 5.5 barrels per short ton.
structure, being brown to black in color, obtained as a residue in the distillation of crude oil, vacuum distillation of oil residues from atmospheric distillation. Bitumen is often referred to asasphalt and is primarily used to pave roads and
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