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Mandarin Uncensored Class 8

Mandarin Uncensored Class 8

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Published by Jennifer Ball
Berkeley extension
Berkeley extension

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Published by: Jennifer Ball on Nov 16, 2011
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11/16/2011

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Mandarin I Berkeley Extension: Class 8, Nov. 1, 2011, Virginia Mau, instructor. Notes and irritating commentary by Jennifer Ball.Mandarin Uncensored © 9/9/2011: avail. at www.originofalphabet.com rev. 8 November 2011 4:13 PM
Page 1
Mandarin I Berkeley Extension Class 8 Nov. 1, 2011
425 Market StreetSan Francisco, CAProfessor: Virginia Mau
Homework for next class 11/8: Lesson 4 
认识你高兴
= Pleased to meet you
ren4shi2 ni3 gao1 xing1
Workbook pages 18-20, # 1-8. This involves listening to the CD and writing. For #7,write characters, not pinyin.Dec. 6: Go to Chinese restaurant? (I’ve heard from 7 out of 15 class emails: 2 have nopref, 2 can only do it 12/6, 1 can only do it 11/29, 2 say 11/29 or 12/6; it seems 12/6 winsunless I hear from others.)Dec. 13: review for FinalDec. 20: no class; take Final and go.
We took the midterm and the one character no one seemed to know was Ms. Mau’s name, because—asyou’ll notice if you look over my notes—she has never shown us the character for her name, which is:
繆/缪
 
(Surname)miao4The silk radical on the left confers status, according to Ms. Mau. The discrepancy in spelling is because
ofcials spelled her family’s name incorrectly when they came to this country.
認/认
= to recognize; to know; to admitren4
識/识
= to know, knowledgeshi2
认识
= be acquainted with (a person); to know; to be familiar with; to recognizeren4 shi2
= high, tallgao1
 
Mandarin I Berkeley Extension: Class 8, Nov. 1, 2011, Virginia Mau, instructor. Notes and irritating commentary by Jennifer Ball.
Page 2
Mandarin Uncensored © 9/9/2011: avail. at www.originofalphabet.com rev. 8 November 2011 4:13 PMMandarin I Berkeley Extension: Class 8, Nov. 1, 2011, Virginia Mau, instructor. Notes and irritating commentary by Jennifer Ball.Mandarin Uncensored © 9/9/2011: avail. at www.originofalphabet.com rev. 8 November 2011 4:13 PM
Page 3
榮/荣
= glory; honoredrong2
興/兴
= ourish; thrive, prosper
xing1
高兴
= (higher level of honor than
认识
 )gao1 xing1
荣兴
= (higher level of honor than
高兴
 )rong2 xing1
认识你高兴
= Pleased to meet you
ren4shi2 ni3 gao1 xing1
你认识他吗
ni3 ren4 shi2 ma? = Do you know him?
不认识
Bu4 ren4 shi2 = I don’t
很高兴认识你
= Very nice to meet you (Ms. Mau says this is more common)Hen3 gao1 xing1 ren4 shi2 ni3
仁道
ren2 dao4 = benevolence
= humaneness, benevolence, kindnessren2
= path, road, street; method, waydao4 or dao3All of these characters mean “to come” and are pronounced “lai2”:
徠/徕來/来
= to comelai2
他们来
ta1men lai2 San Francisco = They come [from] San FranciscoDirections are based on where you are at.
= to go out; to come out; to occur; to produce; to go beyond; to rise; to put forth; to occur; to hap-pen; (a measure word for dramas, plays, or operas)
= to go, to leave, to removequ4
出去
Chu1 qu4 = go outside
進/进
= come in jin4Note same tones, different characters, different meanings:
进来
 jin4 lai2 = come in
近来
= recently, lately jin4 lai2
不可以
= may notBu4 ke3 yi3
可以
= can; may; possible; able to (think “okay” sort of backwards)ke3 yi3
記/记
= to remember; to note; mark; sign; to record ji4
= -ist, -er (person); person (who does something)zhe3
记者
= reporter, journalist ji4 zhe3chu1
 
Mandarin I Berkeley Extension: Class 8, Nov. 1, 2011, Virginia Mau, instructor. Notes and irritating commentary by Jennifer Ball.
Page 4
Mandarin Uncensored © 9/9/2011: avail. at www.originofalphabet.com rev. 8 November 2011 4:13 PMMandarin I Berkeley Extension: Class 8, Nov. 1, 2011, Virginia Mau, instructor. Notes and irritating commentary by Jennifer Ball.Mandarin Uncensored © 9/9/2011: avail. at www.originofalphabet.com rev. 8 November 2011 4:13 PM
Page 5
雄性
xiong2 xing4 = male
= heroic; malexiong2
= sex; nature; surname; sufx corresponding to -ness or -ity
xing4
學/学
xüe2 = learn; study; science; -ology
学生
xüe sheng = student
学校
xüe xiao4 = school
xiao4 = school or jiao4 = proofread; to check; to compare (same character for differing pronunciations/meanings)
li3 = reason; logic; science; inner principle or structure
学院
xüe yuan4 = college (but not university, literally “courtyard; institution”)
shang1 = commerce; consult
醫/医
yi1 = cure, heal, doctor, medical, medicine, to treat
语言
yu3 yan2 = (spoken) language
手语 哑语
shou3 yu3 = sign language, used to be ya3 yu3 = mute language, but now politically incorrect
啞/哑
= dumb, mute, become hoarseya3
学习
xüe2 xi2 = to learn, to study
習/习
= to practice; to study; habitxi2
好好学习,天天向上
hǎo hǎo xué xí , tiān tiān xiàng shàng =study hard and things will get better everyday (a famous saying of Chairman Mao)
= direction; part; side; towards; to; guide; opposite toxiang4
我在学习日本
wo3 zai4 xüe2 xi2 ri4 ben3 = I am studying [or learning] Japanese.
Warning: Not politically correct:
= Japanese, dwarf, short (note that “woman” is at the bottom, so this is like calling allJapanese “you woman,” which we know is a universal insult).
出租车
chu1 zu1 che1 = taxi
= rent, lease; rental; taxzu1/ju1
車/车
= car; a vehicle; machine; to shape with a lathe, cartche1
的士
di2 shi4 - taxi (informal; literally “of knight,” perhaps a modern conveyance of a knight)
我的性的汪
wo3de xing4 de wang1 = I of Wang [family]wo1

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