Hisil & Cl Ovvw
Kawainui was once an embayment as the waters o KailuaBay extended ar inland. Over time, a sand bar ormedacross Kailua Bay converting the waters to a lagoon that
up into the valleys.With the arrival o Hawaiian settlers,
was used or theraising o sh. The
orest wascleared to plant
along the streamsand around theedges o the pond.
inhabited theshoreline o Kailua Bay, three large
or guardian spirit,protects the people o Kawainui andassures an abundance o sh. The legendaryassociation o Ulupō Heiau with the
suggests the antiquity o thissite. The massiveness and quantity o
changed over time. It probably began as a
with ceremonies and rites conductedto insure the ertility o the crops grown in Kawainui. Inlater times, it may have become a
dedicatedto success in war with structures erected atop this massivestone platorm, including an altar, an oracle tower or ‘
,thatched hale, and notches in the terraces to hold the
orwooden images. The spring o the lower corner o the
was another important eature related to the ceremonialtraditions o the site.
battles and he may have rededicated Ulupō Heiau as a
at Kawainui shpond and is said to have eaten the edible
lepo ‘ai ‘ia
it is believed that Ulupō Heiau was already abandoned. Thewooden structures had decayed and only stone remained.
eastern edge o Kawainui and encompasses many culturaland historic sites that cover a broad time range rom the pre-
The massive raised platorm o Ulupō Heiau is roughly
constructed with a large quantity o basalt boulders that
and a level platorm surace. The construction o this
the direction o a powerul
There is a complex o agriculturalterraces, mounds, walls, platorms,and enclosures with a possible
constructed along the edge o themarsh. Terraces suggest both
Pre-contact eatures appear to havebeen altered or use in the post-contact
named Kahele. Besides a house lot, the claimincluded 3
along the edge o Kawainui. The area
Century bottles suggest that the site was occupied until the
Tk F & Py F
roadways, pipes and other materials indicate post-contact
troughs.With Western Contact,
were converted to rice andsoon ater, the lands around themarsh shited to pasture andranching use. Today, Kawainuiis a
wildlie sanctuary or migratoryand waterbirds.
Cl Lde R
a cultural site at a particular point in time. The culturallandscape consists o eatures which contribute to the
time. These eatures may include vegetation, topography,water eatures, trails, walls, and archaeological sites.
The landscape around Ulupō Heiau would have consistedo the canoe plants brought by the early Polynesians ontheir voyaging canoes to Hawai‘i. Many o these plants were
would be reective o the lowland, windward
zone. There may be elements o the
o those plants associated with subsistence, domestic needs,and medicinal uses.Prominent in this landscape are the
. Plants grown or domestic purposes wouldinclude
while the medicinal plants wouldinclude
eldsystems would be trees that can be consideredtransitional to the
zone, such as
.Other trees more reective o the
. This cultural pattern is the basis ordeveloping the plant palette or this landscape plan.On the slopes between Ulupō Heiau and Kawainui are the
and the water is channeled by means o
and into the Kawainui pond.
Plantings need to promote and preserve scenic and culturalsignicant view corridors. It is envisioned that removingmany o the alien trees between the
and the marshwill signicantly open the view corridors to Kawainui, KailuaBay and the Ko‘olau Mountains.
To promote the cultural landscape o the
provide both a visual and sound buer or the trafc
the eeling that one is entering a signicant
benches is recommended to the south o the
andoutside the cultural site where no archaeological eaturesare located. This nursery will propagate plants or therestoration and educational programming.