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Polimer Sintetik

Polimer Sintetik

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Published by Jimmy Roring

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Published by: Jimmy Roring on Nov 17, 2011
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06/10/2013

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Polimer Sintetik17-Nov-11Jimmy, ST, MT (Teknik Kimia-ITN Malang)1

1.Definisi dan Penggolongan2.Polimerisasi Adisi Radikal Bebas3.Polistirena4.Polivinil klorida (PVC)5.Polimerisasi Adisi Kationik6.Polimerisasi Adisi Anionik7.Polimer Stereoregular; Polimerisasi Ziggler-Natta8.Polimer Diena : Karet Alam dan Sintetik9.Kopolimer10.Polimerisasi Kondensasi : Dakron dan Nilon11.Poliuretan dan Polimer Kondensasi Lain

Polimer
adalah
molekul besar (
makromolekul
) yang dibangun dari perangkaian berulangsejumlah besar satuan yang lebih kecil (
monomer
).
Area aplikasi utama :
-Plastik-Serat-Elastomer/karet-Lem, adhesive-Coating
 
Polimer Sintetik17-Nov-11Jimmy, ST, MT (Teknik Kimia-ITN Malang)2

ResinCodeResin Name Common Uses Examples of Recycled ProductsPolyethyleneTerephthalate (PETor PETE)Soft drink bottles, peanut butterjars, salad dressing bottles, mouthwash jarsLiquid soap bottles, strapping,fiberfill for winter coats,surfboards, paint brushes, fuzz ontennis balls, soft drink bottles, filmHigh densityPolyethylene (HDPE)Milk, water, and juice containers,grocery bags, toys, liquiddetergent bottlesSoft drink based cups, flower pots,drain pipes, signs, stadium seats,trash cans, re-cycling bins, trafficbarrier cones, golf bag liners, toysPolyvinyl Chloride orVinyl (PVC-V)Clear food packaging, shampoobottlesFloor mats, pipes, hoses, mudflapsLow densityPolyethylene (LDPE)Bread bags, frozen food bags,grocery bagsGarbage can liners, grocery bags,multi purpose bagsPolypropylene (PP)Ketchup bottles, yogurt containers,margarine, tubs, medicine bottlesManhole steps, paint buckets,videocassette storage cases, icescrapers, fast food trays, lawnmower wheels, automobile batteryparts.Polystyrene (PS)Video cassette cases, compactdisk jackets, coffee cups, cutlery,cafeteria trays, grocery store meattrays, fast-food sandwich containerLicense plate holders, golf courseand septic tank drainage systems,desk top accessories, hanging files,food service trays, flower pots,trash cans
1.Polimer Alam
Contoh : karbohidrat (pati, selulosa), protein, asam nukleat (DNA dan RNA)
2. Polimer Sintetik
, dibagi menjadi:a.
Polimer Adisi
(polimer Rantai Tumbuh,
chain growth polymer 
)Dibuat melalui adisi satu unit monomer ke unit lain dengan caraberulang-ulang.Diperlukan sedikit katalis untuk mengawali polimerisasinyaMempertahankan semua atom dari unit monomernyaContoh :
PENGGOLONGAN
b.
Polimer Kondensasi
(polimer seselangkah,
step-growth polymer 
)Dibuat melalui reaksi dua gugus fungsi berbeda dengan melepaskanmolekul kecil, misalnya : air.Polimer kondensasi tidak mengandung semua atom yang semula adadalam monomer.Contoh :
 
Polimer Sintetik17-Nov-11Jimmy, ST, MT (Teknik Kimia-ITN Malang)3
POLIMERISASI ADISI RADIKAL BEBAS
Reaksi keseluruhan :
L
adalah substituen tertentu.
Memerlukan inisiator radikal bebas seperti benzoil peroksida
Radikal inisisator dapat ditulis In*

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