MINUTES OF EVIDENCE TAKEN BEFORE THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON NEW ZEALANDE. G. Wakefield, Esq. 16
253. Mr Hawes.]
Now read the words of Mr. Busby, in page 16?
The words of Mr. Busby, at the
bottom of page 16 of the correspondence laid before Parliament, are, “Having been specially
to the missionaries of the Church Missionary Society, and directed to consult with them.”
And in a previous passage, about the middle of the same page, which is very explanatory of the sortof connexion with Mr. Busby supposed that he was placed in with
the missionaries, he says, “Unless
a defined and specific share in the government of the country be allotted to the missionaries, theBritish Government has no right to expect that the influential body will give a hearty support to its
.] Will you turn to page 42 of the correspondence laid before Parliament, and havethe goodness to read two paragraphs which you will find at the foot of that page, in a letter fromCaptain Hobson to the Under-secretary of State for the Colonial Department?
“The declaration of
the independence of New Zealand was signed by the united chiefs of the northern island only, (in
fact, only of the northern part of that island,) and it was to them alone that his late Majesty’s letter
was addressed on the presentation of their flag, and neither of these instruments had anyapplication whatever to the southern island. It may be of vast importance to keep this distinction inview; not as regards the natives, towards whom the same measure of justice must be dispensed,however their allegiance may have been obtained, but as it may apply to British settlers who claim atitle to property in New Zealand as in a free and independent state. I need not exemplify here theuses that may hereafter be made of this difference in their condition; but it is obvious that thepower of the Crown may be exercised with much greater freedom in a country over which itpossesses all the rights that are usually assumed by first discoverers, than in an adjoining state whichhas been recognized, than in an adjoining state which has been recognized as free and independent.In the course of my negotiations, too, my proceedings may be greatly facilitated by availing myself of this disparity: for with the wild savages in the southern island it appears scarcely possible to observeeven the form of a treaty, and there I might be permitted to plant the British flag in virtue of those
rights of the Crown to which I have alluded.”
. Will you now proceed with your statement of what took place?
The appointment of Mr.Busby, as before described, appears to have been wholly inefficient as a means of repressing crimeand outrage in the islands, and further representations were made to the Government, urging thenecessity of some more efficient authority. It appears that in consequence of those representationsthe British resident was instructed to confederate chiefs at the Bay of Islands, in the northern island,and that in October 1835 those chiefs were constituted into a congress and issued a declaration of independence. I have seen that declaration in the native language; and it was to that I alluded theother day, when I said that the natives were so little capable of asserting their nationalindependence that in this declaration they knew not what name to give to their country, andtherefore called it Nu Terene, which expresses their pronunciation of the English words NewZealand.
256. Mr Tufnell
.] Does not it appear to you that there might have been a divided sovereignty overparticular parts of the island, and yet no general sovereign power over the whole?
I think therewas no sovereignty at all, because there can scarcely exist amongst any society of men an institutionfor
which that society have no name. now there is no such word as “sovereignty”
in the NewZealand language.
257. Mr Briscoe
.] Nor any equivalent word?
I believe no equivalent word: the thing does notexist. The best proof of its non-existence is that there is no name for the country. Nationality