University of AlbertaDepartment of Civil &Environmental Engineering
Combined Bending and Torsionof Steel I-Shaped Beams
byBruce G. EstabrooksandGilbert Y. GrondinJanuary, 2008
Combined Bending and Torsion of Steel I-Shaped Beams
byBruce E. EstabrooksandGilbert Y. GrondinStructural Engineering Report 276Department of Civil & Environmental EngineeringUniversity of AlbertaEdmonton, AlbertaJanuary, 2008
Tests were conducted on six simply supported wide flange beams of Class 1 and 2sections. The primary experimental variables included class of section, bending momentto torque ratio, and the inclusion or omission of a central brace. The end restraint andloading conditions were designed to simulate simply supported conditions at both endsupports and a concentrated force and moment at midspan. Initial bending moment totorque ratio varied from 5:1 to 20:1.A finite element model was developed using the finite element software ABAQUS.Although the initial linear response was predicted accurately by the finite elementanalysis, the ultimate capacity was underestimates.A comparison of the test results with the design approach proposed by Driver andKennedy (1989) indicated that this approach is potentially non-conservative and shouldnot be used for ultimate limit state design. A design approach proposed by Pi and Trahair(1993) was found to be a suitable approach for ultimate limit states design.