COMPARISION - Kashmir Shaivism and Vedanta
) is a schoolof Śaivismconsisting of Trikaand its philosophical articulation Pratyabhijña. It is
categorized by various scholars asmonisticidealism(absolute idealism, theistic monism,
realistic idealism, transcendental physicalism or concrete monism).Due to the Islamic subjugation of north India, Kashmir Saivism is essentially extinct.
The trident (
), symbol and yantra of ParamaShiva, representing the triadic energies of
Vedas, which are considered revealed knowledge through the medium of Indianseers (rishis), are revered as mother of all religions in India. They form the matrixof all the theistic philosophies of Indian religions including Kashmir Shaivism.Therefore, the objective here is not to compare Vedas with Kashmir Shaivism but topresent their complementary roles in the development of post- vedic India.I. Background
It is said at the end of the Mahabharata war, which symbolizes the end of the DvapuraEra and the beginning of the Kalyuga Era, through which we are passing now, theinfluence of Vedas dwindled as the Vedic seers disappeared. New class of seers emergedfrom time to time who interpreted Vedic knowledge for the benefit of suffering humanity.Thus six systems of Vedic schools called darshanas came into being. These are:1. Samklya2. Yoga3. Nyaya4. Vaisheshika