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High Altitude Long Endurance Recon UAV

High Altitude Long Endurance Recon UAV

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Published by Tanveer Ali
High Altitute Long Endurance Recon Vehicle Design Project Report
High Altitute Long Endurance Recon Vehicle Design Project Report

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Published by: Tanveer Ali on Nov 17, 2011
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06/10/2013

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HIGH ALTITUDELONG ENDURANCE
UAV
Submitted by -
Sattwik Suman Das (SC08B108) Shashank.S (SC08B098) Tanveer Ali (SC08B003)
Dept. of Aerospace EngineeringIndian Institute of Space science and Technology
Submitted as part of AE412 Aerospace Vehicle Design Project
 
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 AE 412 AEROSPACE VEHICLE DESIGN PROJECT REPORT 
1.
 
Introduction:
Over the years, infiltration has increased manifold over India’s various borders. On the western front
along the Indo-Pak border, infiltration is a very serious concern due to the drastic increase interrorism over the years. Gross infiltration was estimated to be 342 in 2008, while it was 485 in2009. Along the Indo-Bangladesh border, infiltration and subsequent illegal immigration remains aserious issue. Rising military instalments along the Indo-China border also remains a cause forconcern
for India’s defence forces.
 The aim of our project is to address all these issues by making a High Altitude Long Endurance (HALE)Unmanned Aerial Vehicle with Infrared sensing capabilities to check infiltration and report military
installations across India’s many borders. Alternatively, this UAV can also be used in search and
rescue missions during aircraft crashes etc.Following are the requirements as specified by the customer:
1.1 Mission Capabilities
 
Patrol Area: 6500 m
2
 
 
Patrol Duration: 40 hours of loiter
 
Weight Class: 1000-2000 kg
 
Launch Type: Conventional Runway (maximum 600m)
1.2 Performance Capabilities
 
Operational Ceiling: 19.8 kms (65000 ft)
 
Cruise Speed: 147 km/hr
 
Max Payload Weight: 113 kg
 
Rate of Climb: 5 m/sThe Primary factors that will be emphasized throughout the design of this UAV are its ability tosatisfy the mission requirements and the total cost when compared to existing systemsmanufactured by foreign players in the market.
 
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 AE 412 AEROSPACE VEHICLE DESIGN PROJECT REPORT 
2.
 
Mission Description and Analysis
To properly design this UAV for its mission, analysis must be conducted to gain insight on the flightmanoeuvres required for the UAV. This section will outline a mission and calculate the duration,flight speed, and distance covered over the various manoeuvres.The flight can be broken up into three separate manoeuvres:1. Takeoff, dash to surveillance area and climb to cruise altitude2. Loiter for a total time of 40 hours3. Cruise back to base, descend, and landThe UAV will initially take off and then dash at a speed of 147 km/hr to the centre of its 6500 sq. km.surveillance area and follow the loiter pattern as shown below.
Figure 1: Loiter patern of the UAV

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