-- Application of individual distributed generators cancause as many problems as it may solve. A better way to realizethe emerging potential of distributed generation is to take asystem approach which views generation and associated loads as
a subsystem or a “Microgrid”. Microgrids are modern, small
-scale versions of the centralized electricity system. This paperpresents an acknowledgement about requirements of theMicrogrids in the system and the working options of it.Microgrids comprise local low-voltage and even medium-voltagedistribution systems with distributed energy resources andstorage devices in order to satisfy the demands of energyconsumers. Such systems can be operated in a semi-autonomousway, if interconnected to the grid, or in an autonomous way(islanding mode), if disconnected from the main grid. In this
paper it is discussed about the conceptual solution “Microgrid”
with operation mode of Islanding.
-- Microgrids, power system restoration, microgenerators, energy storage, islanded operation
INTRODUCTIONhe Microgrid scenario has been selected by the projectsince Microgrids are smart, small-scale versions of futureelectricity systems and therefore will be an integral part of a future smart grid landscape. A smart Microgrid generates,distributes and balances the flow of electricity to consumers,but does so locally. It aggregates and controls largelyautonomously its own supply- and demand-side resources inlow-voltage and even medium-voltage distribution grids. Welldesigned Microgrids produce enough electric energy to meetthe power needs of the users within the Microgrid. Theyachieve specific local goals, such as reliability, carbonemission reduction, diversification of energy sources and costreduction for the community being served.Microgrids will have a massive impact on the future electricitysmart grid architecture and the associated control network.They provide an efficient and economic way to manage anddeliver electricity to a local user base. Economic andenvironmental benefits to smart grid users are maximizedwhile minimizing energy loss through transmission over longdistances. Other savings are achieved through smart use of power and higher efficiency of distributed generation, e.g.through combined heat and power. Furthermore, Microgridswill be able to flexibly offer services to their overlay grid, thusenhancing the possibility to establish new markets andimproving the overall efficiency in electricity supply.Each innovation embodied in the Microgrid concept (i.e.intelligent power electronic interfaces, and a single, smartswitch for grid disconnect and resynchronization) was createdspecifically to lower the cost and improve the reliability of smaller-scale distributed generation systems (i.e., systems with
installed capacities in the 10’s and 100’s of kW). The goal of
this work is to accelerate realization of the many benefitsoffered by smaller-scale DG (as shown in Figure 1.1), such astheir ability to supply waste heat at the point of need (avoidingextensive thermal distribution networks) or to provide higherpower quality to some but not all loads within a facility.From a grid perspective, the Microgrid concept is attractive
because it recognizes the reality that the nation’s distribution
system is extensive, old, and will change only very slowly. TheMicrogrid concept enables high penetration of DistributedEnergy Resources (DER) without requiring re-design or re-engineering of the distribution system itself.
Microgrid Systems and Islanding Scenario
Undergraduate, University of Moratuwa-Sri Lanka