and services and also a disparity between high land costs, cost of construction and lowerincomes leading to a non-sustainable situation.
Several burning issues related to Low Cost and Ecological construction are-
1) Lack of equitable supply of land, shelter and services at affordable prices.2) Environmental paradigms neglected while design and planning.3) Depletion of natural resources in construction and negligence of ecology in design.4) Lack of application of cost effective building material/technology and energy efficientmethods in construction
The conventional construction methods where the energy intensive and high costmaterials are used in abundant having an adverse effect on scarce material supplies.
The appropriate technologies and their usage remains confined to lab and a fewpeople because the delivery system is unable to establish a proper linkage from ‘lab toland’.
Depletion Of Natural Resources-
Construction industries contribute in severe depletion of Environment.
This extensiveresource depletion occurs as the large volumes of materials are used for construction.
The depletion of resources can be in several ways such as-
1) Ruining of forest lands due to extensive cutting down of trees for requirement of wood.2) Destroying of mountains by quarrying.3) Exploiting the river basins for requirement of sand.4) Ruining the paddy fields for the want of clay for manufacturing the bricks.All the above elements are used in construction along with cement or for themanufacturing of cement which are converted into concrete garbage after demolition of the dilapidated building. They have zero salvage value. More materials are used tocreate more concrete garbage. This concrete garbage has a total inappropriate use of land filling for reclaiming our sea shores, creeks, water bodies or lakes.The materials are thus consumed in abundance and this uncontrolled usage is leading toa dangerous situation .This degradation is leading to a global catastrophe.The damageof these non renewable resources is irrevocable and every little use of materials isleading towards the scarcity of natural materials which would be unavailable to futuregenerations.