: 2011 AG’s conference
Page - 2 -
* Remember to use the LOSS model to identify the type of encounter you are in and de-escalate according to the LOSS profiles on page 4.
Special Population Definition Observable Characteristics LE Encounters*
Mental IllnessesEXAMPLES: Majordepression, schizophrenia,bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder,panic disorder.Mental Illnesses are not present at birthand are medical conditions that range
in severity and can disrupt a person’s
thinking, feeling, mood, ability torelate to others, and daily functioning.A person may vacillate between normaland irrational behavior which can bedisplayed as depression, moodiness,suspicion, mistrust, or in some casespsychosis (hearing or seeing things).Maintain a reactionary distance. If
psychotic, don’t buy
-into or try totalk someone out of their falsebeliefs (delusions).Developmental Disability/ Intellectual DisabilitiesEXAMPLES: DownSyndrome, pervasivedevelopmental disorders like
autism and, Asperger’s
syndrome.Developmental disabilities are presentat birth or occur during the period of development. People may learn at aslower rate and as a result have a lowerIQ and may experience difficulty insuch areas as self-care, language,mobility, learning, self-direction, andself-sufficiency.A person can be expected to behaverationally at his/her functional level.Children with autism have troublecommunicating and may have repeatedbody movements such as rocking or handflapping.May exhibit a desire to pleaseauthority figures. Use simplelanguage, speak slowly and ask one question at a time. Avoidquestions that tell the person whatyou think.
Autism and AutismSpectrum Disorders
Autism is a neurologically baseddevelopmental disability that seriously
affects a person’s
ability to communicate, socialize, andmake judgments. It is typicallyobserved by age three, and is morecommon in males thanfemales. About 50% of this populationis non-verbal.People with autism may have difficultyexpressing themselves either with wordsor through gestures, facial expressions,and touch. They may have unusualresponses to people, attachments toobjects, resistance to change in theirroutines, and/or aggressive or self-injurious behavior. They may also avoideye contact, lack fear of real danger, andspin or twirl objects and exhibit finger,arm, or wrist flicking.A person with autism mayinappropriately approach or runtowards officers. Speak in direct,short phrases, avoid figurative
expressions, such as: ”What’s upyour sleeve”, allow for delayed
responses to your questions orcommands. Avoid stoppingrepetitive behaviors unless there isrisk of injury to yourself or others.
Overview of Selected Special Populations