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Lifesavers -- Side Impacts

Lifesavers -- Side Impacts

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Published by: api-3850559 on Oct 19, 2008
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03/18/2014

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1
Minimizing Injury in
Side Impact Crashes

Presenter: Rob Kaufman BS
Crash Investigator
CIREN Seattle

CIREN - Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network
Road Safety
\u2022 Roadway and Infrastructure
\u2022 Driver Behavior
\u2022 Vehicle Design
\u2013 Crashworthiness
CIREN
Crash Injury Research and
Engineering Network
www.hiprc.org
www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov
CIREN on the Web

Quarterly Presentations
Electronic Cases (Queries)
Injury Mechanism Themes
Annual Reports

Real world laboratory of motor vehicle crashes created by
NHTSA in 1996.
Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center is one of 10
trauma centers contributing to the network. ( NHTSA funded )
CIREN Goals
\u2022 Provide data on injuries occurring in real world
crashes
\u2022 Provide feedback on vehicle safety design for:
\u2013 Auto manufacturers
\u2013 FMVSS
\u2022 Provide outreach and training
\u2022 Determine and document specific injury mechanisms
2
In the real world, it is real people - not crash test dummies.
CIREN was created to learn and document real world
injuries.
Epidemiology
Trauma
Surgery

Crash
Biomechanics
& Engineers

CIREN
SEATTLE
Traffic Safety Facts for Side Impacts
\u2022 In 2002 side impact crashes represented 26% of all
fatal collisions
\u2013 second only to frontal crashes
\u2022 Estimated total of 782,000 nonfatal and 9812 fatal
injuries.
\u2013 For surviving occupants

\u2022 Chest injuries in 39.7%
\u2022 Head injuries in 25%
\u2022 Pelvic injuries in 11.7%
\u2022 Abdomen injuries in 8.4%

(Traffic Safety Facts, 2002, NHTSA, US Department of Transportation, DOT HS 809
100, Dec, 2000, p 106)
Intrusion increases occupant contact and
severity of injury
SIDE IMPACTS
Side impact standard improvements
SS214
Use of side impact beams in doors
Lateral Impact Mechanism Reviews
Intrusion = Injury
Thorax
Abdominal LateralPelvis
Bilateral
Pelvis
Combination
3
Results \u2013 NASS MAIS v Door intrusion
NASS M ax
AIS vs door intrusion
y = 0.05x + 1.6
R2 = 0.9
0123456
0
20
40
60
80
Door intrusion (cm)
Maximuminju
ryAIS
8\u201d
16\u201d
12\u201d
Side Impact Intrusion

- Lateral door intrusion
- Chest and pelvis
injuries occurred

Lower Lateral Door Intrusion
Potential for pelvic fractures
to occur
Door panel intrusion = 45 cm/17.7inches
Contact evidence on door and center
console
Door intrusion with a raised center console
Moderate and serious pelvic injury in nearside
crashes by magnitude of intrusion
02468
10
12
14
16
3<8 cm
8<15 cm
15<30 cm 30<46 cm 46<61 cm
>=61 cm
Consoles
No console

Tencer A., Kaufman R., Mack C., Mock C. Factors affecting pelvic &
thoracic forces in near-side impact crashes: a study of US-NCAP,
NASS, and CIREN data. Accident Analysis and Prevention, In Press

Light Truck Vehicle (LTV)
and Side Impacts
LTV vs. compact/economical
Some bumper heights create an upper door panel contact

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