Techniques and applications
This catalog features the mostimportant technical data re-quired for selecting a givensensor. To date, the sensorslisted have all been used inautomotive applications, buttheir universal and highly ver-satile characteristics also makethem ideally suitable for indus-trial applications. For instancein:
Materials handling andconveying
Heating and air-conditioning
Chemical and processengineering
Environmental and conser-vation technology
Installation and plantengineeringBrief descriptions and examplesof application are to be found inthe Table below.
For the applications listed below,prior clarification of the technicalsuitability is imperative. ThisCatalog only lists those productswhich are available from seriesmanufacture. If your problemcannot be solved with this rangeof products, please inform of usof your requirements using theEnquiry Data Sheet.
SensorsAutomotive applicationExamples of non-automotiveapplications
Angular position sensors
measure simpleangular settings and changes in angle.
measurerotational speeds, positions and angles inexcess of 360°.
Spring-mass acceleration sensors
measurechanges in speed, such as are common inroad traffic.
Bending-beam acceleration sensors
register shocks and vibration which arecaused by impacts on rough/unpaved roadsurfaces or contact with kerbstones.
Piezoelectric acceleration sensors
measure shocks and vibration which occurwhen vehicles and bodies impact against anobstacle.
measure skidding movements,such as occur in vehicles under road trafficconditions.
Piezoelectric vibration sensors
measurestructure-borne vibrations which occur atengines, machines, and pivot bearings.
measure thepressure ranges from about 50% to 500%of the earth’s atmospheric pressure.
measuredifferential gas pressures, e.g. for pressure-compensation purposes.
measure the tempera-ture of gaseous materials and, inside a suit-able housing, the temperatures of liquids inthe temparature range of the earth’s atmo-sphere and of water.
Lambda oxygen sensors
determine theresidual oxygen content in the exhaust gas.
measure the flow rate ofgases.Throttle-valve-angle measurement for enginemanagement on gasoline (SI) engines.Wheel-speed measurement for ABS/TCS,engine speeds, positioning angle for enginemanagement, measurement of steering-wheel angle, distance covered, andcurves/bends for vehicle navigation systems.Registration of vehicular acceleration anddeceleration. Used for the Antilock BrakingSystem (ABS) and the Traction ControlSystem (TCS).For engine management, detection ofvibration on rough/unpaved road surfaces.Impact detection used for triggering airbagsand belt tighteners.Used on the vehicle dynamics control(Electronic Stability Program, ESP) formeasuring yaw rate and lateral acceleration,and for vehicle navigation sensors.Engine-knock detection for anti-knock controlin engine-management systems.Manifold vacuum measurement for enginemanagement. Charge-air-pressure measure-ment for charge-air pressure control, altitude-pressure-dependent fuel injection for dieselengines.Pressure measurement in the fuel tank,evaporative-emissions control systems.Display of outside and inside temperature,control of air conditioners and inside temper-ature, control of radiators and thermostats,measurement of lube-oil, coolant, and enginetemperatures.Control of A/F mixture for minimizationof pollutant emissions on gasoline and gasengines.Measurement of the mass of the air drawn inby the engine.Door/window opening angle, setting-leverangles in monitoring and control installations.Proximity or non-contact measurement ofrotational speed, displacement and angularmeasurement, definition of end and limitsettings for industrial machines, robots, andinstallations of all types.Acceleration and deceleration measurementfor safety, control, protective systems in lifts,cable railways, fork-lift trucks, conveyor belts,machines, wind power stations.Forced switch-off for machines, industrialrobots, manufacturing plant, and gaming ma-chines in case of sudden acceleration or decel-eration caused by shock or impact.Detection of impact in monitoring/surveillanceinstallations, detection of foreign bodies in com-bine harvesters, filling machines, and sortingplants. Registration of score during riflemancompetitions.Stabilization of model vehicles and airplanes,safety circuits in carousels and other entertain-ment devices on fairgrounds etc.Machine-tool safety, cavitation detection, pivot-bearing monitoring, structure-borne-noisedetection in measurement systems.Pressure control in electronic vacuum cleaners,monitoring of pneumatic production lines,meters for air-pressure, altitude, blood pres-sure, manometers, storm-warning devices.Monitoring of over and underpressure.Pressure limiters, filled-level measurement.Thermometers, thermostats, thermal protection,frost detectors, air-conditioner control, tempera-ture and central heating, refrigerant-tempera-ture monitoring, regulation of hot-water andheat pumps.Pollutants reduction during combustion, smokemeasurement, gas analysis.Flow-rate measurement for gases on testbenches and in combustion plant.