Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Arabic Grammar

Arabic Grammar

Ratings: (0)|Views: 101 |Likes:
Published by api-3851095

More info:

Published by: api-3851095 on Oct 19, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/18/2014

pdf

text

original

18
Arabic Grammar
18
\ue000
APPENDIX B: A BRIEF JOURNEY
THROUGH ARABIC GRAMMAR
You will cover the basics of the following topics in this Part.

1. Subject and Predicate\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026 19 2. Masculine and Feminine Genders\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026 20 3. Numbers: Singular, Dual, and Plural\u2026\u2026\u2026 22 4. Adjective and its Noun\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026 23 5. The Possessive Case or Genitive\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u202624 6. Interrogatives\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026 \u2026\u2026\u2026 26 7. Pronouns\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026 26 8. The Prepositions\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u202629 9. Subject, Verb, and Object\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u202630 10. The Tense\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u202631

10a. Past Tense\u2026 \u2026 \u2026\u2026\u2026 \u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026 31 10b. Imperfect Tense \u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026 \u2026\u2026\u2026 34 10c. Imperative and Negative Imperative\u2026\u2026 37 10d. Derived Forms of the verb\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026 \u2026 \u2026 42

19
Arabic Grammar
19
1. Subject and Predicate\ue000\ue000\u00c2\ue001\u00a6\ue001\u00bb\ue000\ue000\u00c2\ue000\ue000\u00a6\ue001
\u00be\ue001
\u00ac\ue000\u00a6\ue002\u00f7

Allah is creator.
Muhammad (peace be upon him, pbuh) is prophet.
Tariq isM uj a hi d (one who struggles)

The sentences like these are composed of a subject and a predicate which are called\u00a6\ue000
\u00be\ue000
\u00ac\ue001\u00a6\ue002\u00f7a nd \u00c2\ue000\u00a6\ue000\u00bb
in Arabic. To translate such sentences into Arabic, just put Tanveen (\ue000\u00c6 ) on each of these
words (in case they are singular masculine). Tanveen (\ue000\u00c6) is also known as doublep e sh or
double dhammah.
Allah is creator.
\ue003\u00ea\ue004\u00f3\u00a2\ue000\u00bb\ue001\u00c9\u0085\u00c8\u00a6
Muhammad (pbuh) is Prophet.
\ue002\ue001\ue005\ue000\u008e\u00a6\ue000\u00fb\ue001\ue001\ue003\u00be\ue006\u00f8\ue000\u00b8\ue002\u00f7
Tariq is aM u j ah i d.
\ue002\ue001\ue003\u00be\ue004\u00ff\u00a2\u00b4\ue002\u00f7\ue001\ue001\u00c6\u00bc\u00ca\u00b0\u00a2 \u008a\u00d7
************************Vocabulary for Lesson No. 1 ************************
creator
\ue003\u00ea\ue004\u00f3\u00a2\ue000\u00bb
prophet
\ue005\ue001\u008e\u00a6\ue000\u00fb
one who
\u00be\ue004\u00ff\u00a2\ue000\u00b4\ue002\u00f7
struggles
house
\ue003\u00aa\ue001
\ue002\ue000\u00a5
big
\ue003Z\u008e\u00a6\u008a\u00ef
mg.s l a ve
\ue003\u00be\ue001\u00a6\ue000\u00df
pious
\ue003\u00b6\ue004\u00f3\u00a2\ue000\u00cf
truthful
\u00c6\u00bc\u00ca\u00ae\u00a2\ue000\u00cf
religion
\ue003\u00fa\ue003\u00ca\u00ae
one
\ue000\u00be\ue001
\u00b7\u00a6\u00c8
\u00c2
scholar
\ue003\u00f6\ue004\u00f3\u00a2\ue000\u00df
=======================Exercises for Lesson No. 1 =======================
Using the words and their meanings given above, translate the following sentences into English.
The translation is also provided to help you check your answers.
The house is big.
\ue003Z\u008e\u00a6\u008a\u00ef\ue001\ue002\u00aa\ue001
\ue002\ue000\u00a6\u0092\u00f3\u00c8\u00a6
The slave is pious.
\ue003\u00b6\ue004\u00f3\u00a2\ue000\u00cf\ue001\ue002\u00be\ue001\u00a6\ue000\u00e0\u0092\u00f3\u00a6
The Muslim is truthful.\u00c6\u00bc\u00ca\u00ae\u00a2\ue000\u00cf\ue001\ue002\u00f6\ue004
\u00f4\ue001\u00c8\ue002\u00f8\u0092\u00f3\u00c8\u00a6
Islam is a religion.
\ue003\u00fa\ue003\u00ca\u00ae\ue001\u00c9\u00bf\u00a2\u008a\u00f4\ue001\u00c7\ue004\u00a2\u0092\u00f3\u00c8\u00a6
Allah is one.
\ue001\ue003\u00be\ue004\u00b7\u00a6\u00c8\u00c2\ue001\u00c9
\u0085\u00c8\u00a6
Javeed is a scholar
\ue003\u00f6\ue004\u00f3\u00a2\ue000\u00df\ue001\ue003\u00be\ue003\u00ca\u00c2\u00a2\ue000\u00b3
20
Arabic Grammar
20
2. Masculine and Feminine Genders\u00ae\ue003
\u00fb\ue001\u009a\ue002\u00f7\ue000\ue000\u00c8
\u00c2\ue000\ue000\u00c2M
\u00ef\u008a
\u00c0\ue002\u00f7
You must have heard the Arabic names, for e.g.,\u0088\u00f2\ue002\ue004\u00f8\ue000\u00b3 for a boy and\u0088\u00a8\u008a\u00f4\ue002\ue004\u00f8\ue000\u00b3 for a girl. There
lies the rule. Just put\u00a8at the end of a masculine (singular) word to make it feminine (singular).
For example,
\ue001\u0088\u00a8\ue006
\ue002\ue004\u00ef\u00c8\u00af \ue001 \ue001\ue005\ue001\ue004\u00ef\u00c8\u00af
\u0088\u00a8\ue000\u00b8\ue004\u00f3\u00a2\ue000\u00cf\ue001\ue003\u00b6\ue004\u00f3\u00a2\ue000\u00cf\u00c6\u00a8\ue000\u00be\ue004\u00cb\u00a6\u00c8\u00b0\ue001 \ue001\ue003\u00be\ue004\u00cb\u00a6\u00c8\u00b0
\ue001\u0088\u00a8\ue000
\u00fc\ue004
\u00f7\ue001\u009a\ue002\u00f7\ue001 \ue001\ue003\u00fa\ue004\u00f7\ue001\u009a\ue002\u00f7\u00c6\u00a8\ue000\u00be\u008e\u00a5\u00a2\ue000\u00df\ue001 \ue001\ue003\u00be\u008e\u00a5\u00a2\ue000\u00df
\u00a8\ue000\u00be\ue004\u00f3\u00a2\ue000\u00bb\ue001 \ue001\ue003\u00be\ue004\u00f3\u00a2\ue000\u00bb
Notes:
1. Arabic has two genders, i.e., masculine gender and feminine gender. There is no common
gender in Arabic.
2. A common sign of a feminine word is\u00a8(in general) as the last letter of the word.

3. To make a specific reference, we put\u00cc\u00be\u00c8\u00a6\ue001 in front of a common noun in Arabic just as we put "the" in front of a common noun in English. When\u00cc\u00be\u00c8\u00a6\ue001 is attached to an Arabic word, we remove one of\u00c9(dhamma or pesh) from the two

\u00c6(Tanveen or double pesh). For
example,\ue001 \u00c9\u00be\ue001\ue004\ue002\u00c7\ue006\u00c2\u00f3\u00c8\u00a6\ue001\ue001 \ue001\u00c6\u00be\ue001\ue004\ue002\u00c7\u00c8\u00b0 \ue001\ue001\u009d\ue001\u00c9\u00c0\u008a\u00a2\u00c8\ue001\u00fb\ue004\u00a2\u0092\u00f3\u00c8\u00a6\ue001\ue001 \ue001\u00c6\u00c0\u00a2\ue000\u00c8\ue001\u00fb\u00ca\u00a6\ue001 \u009d\ue001\ue002\u00be\ue001\u00f8\ue000\u00b8\u0092\u00f3\u00c8\u00a6\ue001 \ue001\ue003\u00be\ue001\u00f8\ue000\u00b7
4. Occasionally, the prefix\u00cc\u00be\u00c8\u00a6 is used to imply generality also. For e.g.,\ue001\u00c0\u00a2\ue000\u00c8\ue001\u00fb\ue004\u00a2\u0092\u00f3\u00c8\u00a6 (the human
being).
5. If the\u00a6\ue000\u00be\u00ba\ue000
\u00ac\ue001\u00a6\ue002\u00f7(subject) is feminine, then its \ue001\u00c2\ue000\u00a6\u00ba\ue000\u00bb (predicate) will also be feminine.
For example,
\ue002\ue001\ue003\u00b6\ue004\u00f3\u00a2\ue000\u00cf\ue001\u00c9\u00a7\u008a\u00a2\u0092\u00f3\u00c8\u00a6
\ue002\u0088\u00a8\ue000\u00b8\ue004\u00f3\u00a2\ue000\u00cf\ue001N\u00bf\u008c\u00a2\u0092\u00f3\u00c8\u00a6
Additional rules for making feminine gender of dual and plural nouns are given in the following
lesson.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->