The elements of a novel include the following:
i. Plot -
the structure of a novel. It shows the arrangement of events and actions within
a story (please refer to notes on Freytag‟s Pyramid below for details).
ii. Setting -
the time, place, physical details, and circumstances in which a situationoccurs. Setting enables the reader to better envision how a story unfolds by relatingnecessary physical details of a piece of literature.
iii. Theme -
is the main idea, or message, of an essay, paragraph, or a book. Themessage may be about life, society, or human nature. Themes often exploretimeless and universal ideas and may be implied rather than stated explicitly. Alongwith plot, character, setting, and style, theme is considered one of the fundamentalcomponents of fiction. It is the universal statement or feel when you read a piece ofwriting.
iv. Character and characterisation -
a character is a person in a narrative who mayrepresent a particular class of group of people. Characters in a novel a the vehicleby which author conveys to us his / her view of the world. Characters maybe classifyeither main character or minor character. The characterisation of a character isrevealed by actions, speech, thoughts, physical appearance, and the other
characters‟ thoughts or words
v. Language - used by author to reveal the theme and purpose of the novel.