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Mag Humanitaire No. 3 (English)

Mag Humanitaire No. 3 (English)

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The main story in Mag Humanitaire No. 3 reminds us of the various dangers now affecting health care delivery in situations of armed conflict and how these infringe on the right to life. This is the gruesome reality of women, children and men dying as a result of deliberate attacks or violence.
The main story in Mag Humanitaire No. 3 reminds us of the various dangers now affecting health care delivery in situations of armed conflict and how these infringe on the right to life. This is the gruesome reality of women, children and men dying as a result of deliberate attacks or violence.

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Published by: International Committee of the Red Cross on Nov 18, 2011
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2
MAG Hmanitaire ICRC| 
N° 3
 
October 2011
Dear readers,
 This third edition o 
Mag Humanitaire
 oers you a panoramamic view o hu-manitarian issues in dierent parts o thecontinent. From West Arica to the Horno Arica through the Sahel, a variety o topics have been addressed. The ambitions o this Magazine, whichis also yours, were outlined in the previ-ous editions: to provide a more globalperspective on humanitarian issues andchallenges acing the ICRC and its part-ners in the International Red Cross andRed Crescent Movement. The main story in your
Mag Humanitaire
 reminds us o the various dangers nowaecting health care delivery in situa-tions o armed conict and how theseinringe on the right to lie. This is thegruesome reality o women, childrenand men dying as a result o deliberateattacks or violence against health-caresta and acilities. The International Red Cross and Red Cres-cent Movement (IRCRCM) is sounding thealarm by launching a global campaign,whose slogan clearly reects a determi-nation to advocate or the protection o health care:
“Violence against health caremust end. It is a matter o lie and death.” 
Launched on 10 August 2011 in Gene-va, this campaign will be at the heart o discussions with States during the 31
st
 IRCRCM International Conerence nextDecember. It will culminate in an inter-governmental conerence scheduled or2014 which will review and adopt propos-als designed to ensure greater respect orthe medical mission. The ICRC regional delegation in Dakarwill also play its part in this campaign. Itwill host a conerence, in May 2012, toocus the attention o national andinternational actors and observers onthis issue. This event will be a prelude to ameeting o non-governemental experts,scheduled to be held in Dakar in 2013,ater meetings in Islamabad and Brasilia. The Senegalese capital oers a regionalplatorm or observation and humanitar-ian action, and this conerence is testimo-ny to the ICRC’s determination to placethis theme at the top o its priorities. This is a major public campaign at theglobal level, to rearm one o the unda-mentals o humanitarian action.
Enjoy your reading! 
Christophe MartinHead o regional delegation in Dakar
 
SUMMARY
Edtral
Regal delegat Daar
Rue 7 x B Point EBP 5681 Dakar-Fann T + 221 33 869 13 69F + 221 33 824 14 16E-mail : dak_dakar@icrc.org
Sb-delegatZghr
Parcelles Assainies 1372Goumel - BP 1044 T + 221 33 991 61 06E-mail : zig_ziguinchor@icrc.org
Mss  Bssa
Bairro Thada, Rua 5 de JulhoCasa n 32 - BP 1028 T + 245 320 36 59E-mail : bis_bissau@icrc.org
Mss  Bajl
B2 Calabash Residence, PalmaRima road , Kotu - Serekunda T + 220 77 752 90E-mail : jmetzker@icrc.org
HoRn o ARicA
Somalia:
a jorne o solidarit
HEALTH cARE in DAnGER
Lanch o the campaign
‘Health care in danger’
noRTH ARicA
Libya:
hmanitarian assistanceagainst all odds
WEST ARicA
Liberia:
hndreds o Ivorian childrento be renited with their amilies
Guinea:
assistance to victims o violence
Niger:
law enorcement and respect o hman dignit
Senegal :
landmines – silent victimsStrengthening legal protection orvictims o armed confict
‘Behind the Uniorm’:
train militaries onchild protection
Casamance:
maintaining a healthlivestoc in a confict area
Physical rehabilitation centreo Bissau:
restoring hope throghrehabilitation
Ziguinchor prison:
an innovativeapproach to hgiene and health
DiD you knoW?
When the Red Cross visited a prisonernamed Senghor
TABALA
…news in brie 
www.r.rg
Cover photo: An injured person being rushed to a clinicrom the ambulance.
Catalina Martin-Chico / COSMOS
The opinions expressed are those o the authors and do not necessarily refect the opinion o the International Committee o the Red Cross (ICRC).
 t  w ok   b   y   g e  e n e   y  e  d  e  s i     gn . c  om
 
3
MAG Hmanitaire ICRC| 
N° 3
October 2011
 
Somalia
| HORN OF AFRICA
Smala :
a journey o solidarity
But how did we get here? For Yves VanLoo, ICRC spokesman in Somalia, thedrought is caused by a variety o actorswhich calls or an immediate response.Butthere are also the structural causes whichrun deeper and call or an long-term re-sponse. As a result o a twenty year crisis,the agriculture went rom big arms thatcould resist to natural disasters to smalland vulnerable individual gardens. The crisis that this country is experienc-ing is all the more aggravated by thehigh cost o ood products and uel orthe weakness o the currency. Recurrentdroughts and the loss o cattle result inthe displacement o thousands o peo-ple. Today, millions o Somalis dependon humanitarian aid.
Armed t, aess dfl-tes ad lgstal sses
Somalia is acing a widespread hu-manitarian crisis, in an environmento requent clashes between govern-ment orces supported by Arican Uniontroops, and armed groups are a majorobstacle in reaching victims. A neutraldialogue with all parties, enable the ICRCto be deployed in all parts o the countrythus having an access to assist the mostvulnerable with ood and medicine. The ICRC ocused its eorts in areas expe-riencing persistant armed conicts andwhere basic services are non-existent. Through its president Jakob Kellenberg-er, the ICRC rearmed its determinationnot to let down those who were most inneed o assistance.Since the beginning o the year, over4,000 war-wounded patients have beentreated in ICRC-supported medical acili-ties in Somalia.
Reahg the mst vlerable
20% o Somalis suer rom acute malnu-trition according to Dr. Ahmed Moham-ed Hassan, president o the Somali RedCrescent Society, and in southern Soma-lia, the number o children and motherssuering rom malnutrition is on the rise. The ICRC supports a network o 39 clinicsin regions aected by armed conict anddrought, out o which 27 have therapeu-tic nutritional centres run by the SomaliRed Crescent Society. In remote areas, 12mobile teams assist patients unable toreach a clinic.162,000 benefciaries have been assist-ed with 3,000 tons o oods in the eightprovinces o Southern Somalia (Bay,Bakool, Middle Juba, Lower Juba, Gedo,Middle Shabelle and Lower Shabelle). Anappeal has been launched beginning o August in order to reach 1.1 million ben-efciaries till the end o 2011.In collaboration with the Somali Red Cres-cent Society, radio campaigns were creat-ed, promoting the principles o humani-tarian law drawing on the “biri ma gedo”,the traditional Somali code o warare. These campaigns emphasized the needto protect and respect civilians, wound-ed and captured combatants as well ashealth-care personnel and acilities. The ICRC together with the Somali RedCrescent Society, its main operationalpartner, has been able to reunite ami-lies separated as a result o the conictor natural disasters using the Red Crossmessage system and announcements onlocal radio.A coordination mechanism involving do-nors, international organisations, NGOsand various actors helped to improvemanagement o the humanitarian re-sponse. The ICRC’s activities in Somalia date back to 1977. Though a permanent presencehas been maintained since 1982, ICRC’sactivities have been coordinated romNairobi since 1994.
n
Amadou Mansour Diou, ICRC Dakar
Galgadud Province, Cabudwaaq. Food distribution to internally displaced people. Tent sheltering a amily. Wildanimals are kept at a distance by bushes.
    I    C    R    C    /    G    U    R    E ,    N   u   r
Devastated by twenty years o armed conict, Somalia is currently hit by a serious drought. The southern and centralregions are among the most aected. Despite logistical diculties, the ICRC has transported and distributed over3,000 tonnes o ood aid.

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