MAG Hmanitaire ICRC|
| HORN OF AFRICA
a journey o solidarity
But how did we get here? For Yves VanLoo, ICRC spokesman in Somalia, thedrought is caused by a variety o actorswhich calls or an immediate response.Butthere are also the structural causes whichrun deeper and call or an long-term re-sponse. As a result o a twenty year crisis,the agriculture went rom big arms thatcould resist to natural disasters to smalland vulnerable individual gardens. The crisis that this country is experienc-ing is all the more aggravated by thehigh cost o ood products and uel orthe weakness o the currency. Recurrentdroughts and the loss o cattle result inthe displacement o thousands o peo-ple. Today, millions o Somalis dependon humanitarian aid.
Armed t, aess dfl-tes ad lgstal sses
Somalia is acing a widespread hu-manitarian crisis, in an environmento requent clashes between govern-ment orces supported by Arican Uniontroops, and armed groups are a majorobstacle in reaching victims. A neutraldialogue with all parties, enable the ICRCto be deployed in all parts o the countrythus having an access to assist the mostvulnerable with ood and medicine. The ICRC ocused its eorts in areas expe-riencing persistant armed conicts andwhere basic services are non-existent. Through its president Jakob Kellenberg-er, the ICRC rearmed its determinationnot to let down those who were most inneed o assistance.Since the beginning o the year, over4,000 war-wounded patients have beentreated in ICRC-supported medical acili-ties in Somalia.
Reahg the mst vlerable
20% o Somalis suer rom acute malnu-trition according to Dr. Ahmed Moham-ed Hassan, president o the Somali RedCrescent Society, and in southern Soma-lia, the number o children and motherssuering rom malnutrition is on the rise. The ICRC supports a network o 39 clinicsin regions aected by armed conict anddrought, out o which 27 have therapeu-tic nutritional centres run by the SomaliRed Crescent Society. In remote areas, 12mobile teams assist patients unable toreach a clinic.162,000 benefciaries have been assist-ed with 3,000 tons o oods in the eightprovinces o Southern Somalia (Bay,Bakool, Middle Juba, Lower Juba, Gedo,Middle Shabelle and Lower Shabelle). Anappeal has been launched beginning o August in order to reach 1.1 million ben-efciaries till the end o 2011.In collaboration with the Somali Red Cres-cent Society, radio campaigns were creat-ed, promoting the principles o humani-tarian law drawing on the “biri ma gedo”,the traditional Somali code o warare. These campaigns emphasized the needto protect and respect civilians, wound-ed and captured combatants as well ashealth-care personnel and acilities. The ICRC together with the Somali RedCrescent Society, its main operationalpartner, has been able to reunite ami-lies separated as a result o the conictor natural disasters using the Red Crossmessage system and announcements onlocal radio.A coordination mechanism involving do-nors, international organisations, NGOsand various actors helped to improvemanagement o the humanitarian re-sponse. The ICRC’s activities in Somalia date back to 1977. Though a permanent presencehas been maintained since 1982, ICRC’sactivities have been coordinated romNairobi since 1994.
Amadou Mansour Diou, ICRC Dakar
Galgadud Province, Cabudwaaq. Food distribution to internally displaced people. Tent sheltering a amily. Wildanimals are kept at a distance by bushes.
I C R C / G U R E , N u r
Devastated by twenty years o armed conict, Somalia is currently hit by a serious drought. The southern and centralregions are among the most aected. Despite logistical diculties, the ICRC has transported and distributed over3,000 tonnes o ood aid.