Guided Reading Activity 10–2
Write an answer to each question below in the space provided.
What are the three types of elections in the United States?The three types of elections in the United States are general elections, voting on issues elections,and special elections. General elections are always two part, and always take place on the FirstTuesday of November.
What happens if neither candidate wins the majority of electoral votes in a presidential election? How often has this happened in history?The House will elect the president; because the House is a house of representatives, they should be dolling out the wishes of the people. This happened twice in the history of the country, in 1800and 1824.
What is the difference between an initiative and a referendum?An initiative is when a citizen takes the initiative to propose and construct new laws; referendumis when a citizen is able to to vote on whether or not to reject or approve a law already voted on,or in place.
What are the three major steps in presidential elections?In the presidential elections the three major steps include: the nomination of the presidentialcandidates, from a political party, the campaigning of those candidates, and lastly the voting of America and the Electoral College on between the successful campaigners for the presidency.
What are some ways that candidates campaign for election?Candidates campaign in several different ways. Candidates travel the country, they have posters,flyers, bake sales, make appearances at local, county, and state functions to gain support and gettheir name out there, they have commercials aired on the television. They also give speeches,appear on frequently watched television shows, and debate on television for the benefit of the public. They have websites and offices all over the country.
What is the Electoral College?The College is a compromise dating back to the Constitution. It allows for indirect, directdemocracy. The College is representative in terms of numbers, so larger states have more electorsin the College, and hold more sway. The electors, elected by the people, cast their slates for the presidential candidate. The Electoral College is where the buck stops in the presidential election;the College decides who becomes President.
When you vote for the U.S. president, for whom are you actually voting?When a person casts their vote for a president, they are actually voting for the presidentialcandidate and all of the sponsors, parties, and organizations that backed him/her during thecampaign.
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