In textile industry raw material and the most dominant factor as it contributes 50-75% in total manufacturing cost. In quality conscious scenario, quality of raw material plays a vital role. But the quality of raw material is decided by measuring its properties. Now measurement through conventional techniques is very laborious, time consuming. Hence the researchers focus their attention towards the inventions of such instrument, which gives accurate and quick result and one of the wonderful development is AFIS - Advanced fibre information system.
The AFIS method is based on aeromechanical fibre processing, similar to opening and carding, followed by electro-optical sensing and then by high speed microprocessor based computing and data reporting as shown in Fig 1.
A fibre sample is introduced into the system and is processed through a fibre individualizer, which aeromechanically separates the sample into three components consisting of cleaned fibre, microdust and trash. Each of these component is transported in a separate pneumatic path and may be analysed electro-optically or by other means. The data processing and reporting are handled by an industrialized PC.
AFIS provides basic single fibre information and is distinguished from earlier and existing methods by providing distributions of the basic fibre properties. These distribution measurements provide more accurate, precise and basic information about fibre.
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