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HVI

HVI

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Published by: DIPAK VINAYAK SHIRBHATE on Oct 19, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/18/2014

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INTRODUCTION

In textile industry, row material is the most dominant factor since it contributes 50-75 % of total manufacturing cost. Any errors or negligence in selection and composition of raw material cannot be corrected by any means. Here omissions are beyond redemption.

In case of spg industry the basic R.M. is fibre which has a very high
degree of variability. Its measurement is really a tough task but it is often said that
If you can measure it then and then only you can manage it.

The imp. fibre properties to be measured are length, strength etc. In order to understand the role of imp. properties, we will see the diagram showing that contribution of fibre properties into yarn quality in ring as well as rotor spg (fig.1)

Now most of the fibre measuring techniques are labourious and time consuming. In order to avoid this drawback, one instrument developed which gives boon to textile testing and this is known as HVI High volume instrument.

These methods are laborious and time consuming. High speed and reliable testing instrument are the present need of mills to produce a good quality yarn. This task is accomplished by HVI instrument.

Others
15%
Length
22%
Length
uniformity
20%
Strength
20%
Fineness
15%
Trash
3%
Elongation
5%
BASIC BLOCK DIAGRAM OF HVI
Microbalance
CONTRIBUTION OF FIBRE PROPERTIES TO YARN QUALITY
Fig. Ring Spun Yarn
SCREEN
PRINTER
Colour
Reflectance
Fineness
Measurement
Sample
Preparation
Length & strength
measurement unit
Fig. Rotor Yarn
HVI - DATA ANALYSIS
\u2022Length -
Figrogram principle
Uniformity index
\u2022Length uniformity
Uniformity ratio
\u2022
U.I. = UHML/ML
U.R. = 50% S.L./2.5% S.L.
\u2022Strength -
The force required to break a bundle of fibres clamped by the
combing device.
\u2022Elongation -
amount of stretch of fibre bundle prior to break (%)
Others
19%
Length
12%
Length uniformity
17%
Strength
24%
Fineness
14%
Trash
8%
Elongation
6%

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