The authors discovered that the primary difference in hydrologic effects betweensmall- and medium-sized dams and larger ones lies in the extent of fragmentationin river landscapes.Evans, James E., Jennifer M. Huxley, and Robert F. Vincent. 2007. Upstreamchannel changes following dam construction and removal using a GIS/RemoteSensing approach.
JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association
43: 683-697.Huron River Dam. Source: http://photo.net/photodb/photo?photo_id=9070662
This study applies a GIS/Remote Sensing (RS) approach to study changes overtime in the Huron River. It specifically focuses on individual bars and channelpatterns upstream of a low-head dam. The authors contended that even relatively small dams can be responsible for significant fluvial modifications upstream of the reservoir.The authors used historical aerial photographs and created a shapefile for each of the 12 bed forms identified using ArcGIS. The polygons were drawn around each bedform at the waterline for the day the image was collected. The shapefiles werethen imported into a geodatabase and converted to a feature class, which
populate the attribute table of the polygon’s properties.
The authors stated that GIS and RS are tools that can be applied to study the behaviors of individual bedforms to interpret changes in important geomorphicparameters over time, specifically in reference to the size, shape and position of bars and channel sinuosity.Gross, Eric J. and Glenn E. Moylen. 2007. Estimating the hydrological influenceof Maryland state dams using GIS and the HEC-1 model.
Journal of Hydrologic Engineering
12, no. 6: 690-693.The authors performed this study using stage-storage discharge curves for 34dams in the state of Maryland, the GISHydro 200 GIS, and the VSACE HEC-1hydrologic modeling software package. By applying equations to the GIS databaseof all the dams in Maryland, they determined the effect of different values of critical Ra (one minus the fraction of the natural discharge at a specific locationdownstream of a dam) on the kilometers of a stream that would be considered