What were the conclusions of the studies?
The studies concluded that (1) there is not a viable location anywhere on Santa Monica Blfor a Century City station due to the presence of two active fault zones; (2) Constellation Blis outside of active fault zones and is a viable station location; and (3) that the tunnels andstations can be built to be safe and without impacting people or property located above them.
What did the studies ﬁnd aboutthe fault zones in this area?
Santa Monica Bl lies within the Santa Monica fault zone from west of Century Park West toeast of Avenue of the Stars. The originally proposed Santa Monica Bl Station at Avenue of theStars would be directly within the fault zone. The studies found that the West Beverly HillsLineament (
is a northern extension of the Newport-Inglewood fault zone. In this area,the zone has several well-deﬁned strands along the eastern edge of Century City and westernedge of Beverly Hills. A proposed station location on Santa Monica Bl at Century Park Eastwould straddle the
.The studies found that the station location on Constellation Bl would not be within an activefault zone and is a viable option for a station location. The Constellation Bl Station site issouth and west of both active fault zones.
Active Santa MonicaFault ZoneSanta MonicaFault ZoneHolocene ActivityUndeterminedCentury CityConstellation StationCentury City SantaMonica StationTunnelsTunnels
C o n s t e l l a t i o n B l v d S a n t a M o n i c a B l v d
C e n t u r y P a r k E a s t
M o r e n o D r
L a s k y D r
C e n t u r y P a r k W e s t A v e n u e o f t h e S t a r s
Active West Beverly Hills Lineament/Newport-Inglewood Fault Zone
Fault traceFault zone area
Note: The fault locations shown are maintraces and additional faults andground deformation exist betweenthe fault traces shown.
How could the Constellation sitebe safe for a station? It’s stillclose to the active fault zones.
Throughout our active seismic region, we have to deal with ground shaking as a result of earthquakes. There is a di
erence between a location in an active fault zone where groundrupture or deformation could occur and an area where ground shaking occurs. No subwaystations have been built in known active fault zones in North America. Modern engineeringtechniques have been developed to address the ability of structures, including subwaystations, to withstand ground shaking.
If it is not safe to build a subwaystation in a fault zone, is it safeto tunnel through one?
There are numerous proven design and construction methods to ensure that a subway tunnelis safe in a fault zone. These include building a larger diameter tunnel and/or a very strongand
exible lining to withstand several feet of movement. Tunneling at a high angle across afault zone, rather than along one, limits the risk.
Is there a risk of groundsettlement from the tunnel?
The latest technology uses pressurized, closed-face tunnel boring machines (
s). As thesemachines proceed, concrete tunnel liners are immediately installed in the newly excavatedtunnel portion. These techniques combine to provide immediate ground support of thetunnel. These machines were successfully used on the Metro Gold Line Eastside Extension
where ground movement was very limited and, along most of that alignment, therewas no measureable settlement.
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