(roads,railwa ys,airwa ys,w aterwa ys,canals,pipelines, etc.) that are used, as well as the nodes or terminals (such asairports, railway stations, bus stations andseaports). The vehicles generally ride on the networks, such asautom obiles,bicycles,buses,
network and the procedures set for this purpose including the legal environment (Laws, Codes, Regulations, etc.) Policies, such as how tofinance the system (for example, the use oftolls or gasoline taxes) may be considered part of the operations
Remote sensing technologies have been increasingly used in transportation applications
in recent years. The key driving forces in the use of these technologies include the
increasing data acquisition speed and decreasing cost, the rapid advancement of softcopy
image processing technology, and the ever growing demands for more accurate,
comprehensive, and updated data. Digital cameras and various types of digital scanning
devices play a key role in reducing the cost and the time for data acquisition.
Technologies for rapid geo-referencing for remote sensors also contribute significantly to
cost reduction and speed increases. In particular, the combined use of Global Position
Systems (GPS) and Inertial Navigation Systems (INS) makes automatic image orientation
possible, a task that is traditionally realized through the use of extensive field control
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), through its Research and Special
Programs Administration (RSPA), has encouraged increased usage and application of
technology to the highway inventory process. As part of this effort, RSPA promoted and
funded a program to study remote sensing applications for the Florida Department of
Transportation (FDOT) Roadway Characteristics Inventory (RCI) activities. The Oak
Ridge National Laboratory\u2019s (ORNL) Center for Transportation Analysis partnered with
the FDOT for this project for a feasibility study regarding Highway Feature and
Characteristics Database Development using Commercial Remote Sensing Technologies,
combined with Mobile Mapping, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Global
Positioning Systems (GPS).
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