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Chapter 03 - Forces and Pressure

# Chapter 03 - Forces and Pressure

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12/10/2011

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[SPM] chapter 03
FORCES AND PRESSURE
Bank Soalan Fizik - SMAPT http://nazuris.blogspot.com/
1
SPM 2005
12The diagram shows a suction pump being pressedagainst a smooth wall. The pump sticks to thewall whenreleased.
Gambar rajah menunjukkan pam penyedut ditekan ke dinding yang licin. Pam itu melekat pada dinding apabila dilepaskan.
Thepump sticks to the wall because
Pam itu melekat pada dinding kerana
[A]The atmospheric pressure is equal to the pressureinside the pump
tekanan atmosfera sama dengan tekanan di dalam pam
[B]the atmospheric pressure is less than the pressureinside the pump
tekanan atmosfera lebih rendah daripada tekanan di dalam pam
[C]the atmospheric pressure is more than the pressureinside the pump
tekanan atmosfera lebih tinggi daripada tekanan di dalam pam
13The diagram shows four spheres P, Q,R and S,floating on water.
Gambar rajah menunjukkan empat sfera P, Q,R dan S terapung di permukaan air.
Which comparison is correct about the density ofspheres P, Q, R and S?
Perbandingan yang manakah betul tentang ketumpatan sfera P, Q, R dan S?
[A]P>Q>R>S[B]S>Q>R>P[C]P>R>Q>S[D]Q>R>P>S14Why is steam less dense than water?
Mengapakah stim kurang tumpat berbanding air?
[A]Steam particles are lighter
Zarah stim lebih ringan
[B]Steam particles move faster
Zarah stim bergerak lebih cepat
[C]Steam particles are further apart from eachother
Zarah stim lebih jauh antara satu sama lain
[D]Steam particles have a higher kinetic energy
Zarah stim mempunyai tenaga kinetik yang lebih tinggi
15Thediagram shows a polystyrene block beingpushed toa depth of h cm from the water surface.P is the waterpressure acting on surface
Gambar rajah menunjukkan suatu bongkah polistirena ditekan sedalam h cm dari permukaan air.P ialah tekananair yang bertindak ke atas permukaan Q
Which graph shows the relationship between Pand hwhen the block is pushed deeper into the water?
Graf yang manakah menunjukkan hubungan antara P dengan h apabila bongkah itu ditekan lebih dalam ke dalam air?
16The diagram shows a brake system of a car.
Gambar rajah menunjukkan sistem brek kereta.
Which principle is used in this system?
Apakah prinsip yang digunakan dalam sistem ini?
[A]Pascal's principle
Prinsip Pascal
[B]Bernoulli's principle
Prinsip Bernoulli
[C]Archimedes's principle
Prinsip Archimedes
[D]Principle of conservation of momentum

[SPM] chapter 03
FORCES AND PRESSURE
Bank Soalan Fizik - SMAPT http://nazuris.blogspot.com/
2
SPM 2005
17160 g of alcohol is mixed with 500 cm3 of water. Thevolume of the mixture becomes 690 cm3.Density of wateris 1 g cm3.What is the density of the mixture?
160 g alkohol dicampurkan dengan 500 cm3 air.Isi padu campuran itu menjadi 690 cm3. Ketumpatan air ialah 1g/cm
berapakah ketumpatan campuran itu?
[A]0.23 gcm-3[C]0.72 gcm-3[B]0.49gcm-3[D]0.96 gcm-3[E]1.15gcm318The diagram shows a block with the dimensionsof1mx2mx3 m. The weight of the block isI 000 N.
Gambar rajah menunjukkan satu bongkah berdimensi 1m x 2 m x 3 m. Berat bongkah itu ialah 1000 N.
What is the maximum pressure that can be exerted by theblock on the floor?
Berapakah tekanan maksimum yang boleh dikenakan oleh bongkah itu pada permukaan lantai?
[A]100.0 Nm-2[B]333.3 N m-2[C]600.0 Nm-2[D]166.7 Nm-2[E]500.0 N m-2
SPM 2006
11Diagram 8 shows four different shapes of shoeheelsworn by the same lady.
Rajah 8 menunjukkan empat bentuk tumit kasut yang berlainan yangdipakai oleh seorang wanita yang sama.
Arrange the heels based on the pressure exertedon theground, in ascending order.
Susun tumit itu berdasarkan tekanan pada permukaan tanah, dalam urutan menaik.
[A]P, Q, R, S[B]S, P, Q, R[C]R, P, Q, S[D]S, Q, P, R12Diagram 9 shows a container containingmercury.
Rajah 9 menuniukkan sebuah bekas yang mengandungi merkuri.
The shape of the mercury meniscus is due to the
Bentuk meniskus merkari itu disebabkan oleh
[A]High density of the mercury
ketumpatan merkuri yong tinggi
[B]Ability of the mercury to wet the container
kebolehan merkuri membasahi bekas
[C]Cohesive forceis bigger than the adhesiveforce
daya lekitan lebih besar daripada daya lekatan
[D]Adhesive force being bigger than the cohesiveforce
daya lekatan lebih besar daripada daya lekitan
13The density of substance X is 9.00 x 102 kg m-3.In which liquid will substances X sinks?
Ketumpatan bahan X ialah 9.00 x 102 kg m
-3
.Di dalam cecair manakah bahan X akan tenggelam?
Liquid
cecair
Density of liquid /
kg m
-3
Ketumpatan cecair
/
kgm
-3
[A][B][C][D]JKLM7.90x10
2
9.20x10
2
1.03x10
3
I.27x10
3
14Gases are more compressible than solids because
Gas lebih mudah dimampatkan berbanding pepejal kerana
Asize of gas molecules> size of solidmolecules
saiz molekul gas > saiz molekul pepejal
Bdensity of gas molecules> density of solidmolecules
ketumpatan molekul gas > ketumpatan molekul pepejal
Cdistance between gas molecules > distancebetween solid molecules
jarak antara molekul gas > jarak antara molekul pepejal
Dforce between gas molecules> force betweensolidmolecules
daya antara molekul gas > daya antara molekul pepejal

[SPM] chapter 03
FORCES AND PRESSURE
Bank Soalan Fizik - SMAPT http://nazuris.blogspot.com/
3
15Diagram 10 shows the flow of air in anundergroundtunnel.
Rajah 10 menunjukkan pengaliran udara dalam terowong bawah tanah.
The flow of air through the tunnel from X to Ycan beexplained using
Pengaliran udara melalui terowong dari X ke Y dapat dij elaskan menggunakan
[A]Pascal's principle
prinsip Pascal
[B]Bemoulli's principle
prinsip Bernoulli
[C]Archimedes' principle
prinsip Archimedes
16What is the function of soap while washing clothes?
Apakah fungsi sabun ketika membasuh pakaian?
[A]To increase the cohesive force of water molecules
Menambahkan daya lekitan molekul-molekul air
[B]To decrease the cohesive force of moleculesofclothes
Mengurangkan daya lekitan molekul-molekul pakaian
[C]To decrease the surface tension of watermolecules
Mengurangkan te gangan permukaan molekul molekul air
[D]To increase the adhesive force between watermolecules and the molecules of clothes
Menambahkan daya lekatan antara molekulmolekul air dengan molekul-molekul pakaian
17Diagram 11 shows the process of supplying waterfrom awater tank on a hill to a water tank X on a tallbuilding.
Rajah 11 menunjukkan proses penyaluran air daripada tangki air di atas bukit ke tangki X di atas sebuah bangunan tinggi.
Calculate the pressure of the water at X.[Density of water =1000 kg m
-3]
Hitung tekanan air di X.[Ketumpatan air = 1000 kg m
-3]
[A]1.0 x 10
5
N m
-2
[B]1.4 x 10
5
N m
-2
[C]1.6 x 10
5
N m
-2
[D]2.6 x 10
5
N m
-2
[E]3.0 x 10
5
N m
-2
18The pressure of sea water at the bottom of anocean is1.3 x 108 N m
-2.
.What is the depth of the ocean?[Density of sea water = 1.02 x 10
3
kg m
-3
]
Tekanan air laut pada dasar sebuah lautan ialah 1.3 x 108 N m
-2.
Berapakah kedalaman lautan itu? [Ketumpatan air laut = 1.02 x 10
kg m
-3
]
[A]1.27 x l0
4
m[B]1.27 x I0
5
m[C]1.27 x I0
6
m[D]1.30x I0
9
m[E]1.33 x I0
10
m19The following information is the characteristicsof carbonbased composite substance.
P : Strong
Kuat
Q: Resistant to heat
Tahan haba
R : Resistant to corrosion
Tahan kakisan
[A]PandQonly[B]PandRonly
P dan Q sahajaP dan R sahaj
[C]QandRonly[D]P,QandR
Q dan R sahajaP, Q dan
20The graph shows the heating curve of a substance.Which of the phaseslabeled A, B, C or D, shows heat isabsorbed during the melting process?
Graf menunjukkan lengkung pemarnsan suatu bahan.Antara fasa berlabel A, B, C dan D, yang manakah menunjukkan haba diserap semasa proses peleburan?