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Cau Kien Dien Tu

Cau Kien Dien Tu



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Published by api-3852638

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Published by: api-3852638 on Oct 19, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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H\u1eccC VI\u1ec6N C\u00d4NG NGH\u1ec6 B\u01afU CH\u00cdNH VI\u1ec4N TH\u00d4NG
C\u1ea4U KI\u1ec6N\u0110I\u1ec6N T\u1eec
(D\u00f9ng cho sinh vi\u00ean h\u1ec7\u0111\u00e0o t\u1ea1o\u0111\u1ea1i h\u1ecdc t\u1eeb xa)
L\u01b0u h\u00e0nh n\u1ed9i b\u1ed9
H\u00c0 N\u1ed8I - 2007
H\u1eccC VI\u1ec6N C\u00d4NG NGH\u1ec6 B\u01afU CH\u00cdNH VI\u1ec4N TH\u00d4NG
Bi\u00ean so\u1ea1n : THS. TR\u1ea6N TH\u1eca C\u1ea6M
C\u00cau ki\u00d6n \u00aei\u00d6n t\u00f6
L\u1edcI N\u00d3I\u0110\u1ea6U

T\u1eadp gi\u00e1o tr\u00ecnh "C\u1ea5u ki\u1ec7n\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed "\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c bi\u00ean so\u1ea1n\u0111\u1ec3 l\u00e0m t\u00e0i li\u1ec7u gi\u1ea3ng d\u1ea1y v\u00e0 h\u1ecdc t\u1eadp cho c\u00e1c sinh vi\u00ean chuy\u00ean ng\u00e0nh k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt\u0110i\u1ec7n t\u1eed - Vi\u1ec5n th\u00f4ng,\u0111\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi gi\u00e1o tr\u00ecnh c\u0169ng c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng cho c\u00e1c sinh vi\u00ean chuy\u00ean ng\u00e0nh C\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 th\u00f4ng tin, v\u00e0 l\u00e0m t\u00e0i li\u1ec7u tham kh\u1ea3o cho c\u00e1c k\u1ef9 s\u01b0 chuy\u00ean ng\u00e0nh\u0110i\u1ec7n t\u1eed - Vi\u1ec5n th\u00f4ng.

Gi\u00e1o tr\u00ecnh\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c vi\u1ebft theo ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh\u0111\u1ec1 c\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u00f4n h\u1ecdc "C\u1ea5u ki\u1ec7n \u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed v\u00e0 quang \u0111i\u1ec7n
t\u1eed" c\u1ee7a H\u1ecdc vi\u1ec7n C\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 B\u01b0u ch\u00ednh Vi\u1ec5n th\u00f4ng.
N\u1ed9i dung c\u1ee7a gi\u00e1o tr\u00ecnh\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y m\u1ed9t c\u00e1ch r\u00f5 r\u00e0ng, c\u00f3 h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng c\u00e1c ki\u1ebfn th\u1ee9c c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n
v\u00e0 hi\u1ec7n\u0111\u1ea1i v\u1ec1 v\u1eadt li\u1ec7u v\u00e0 c\u00e1c c\u1ea5u ki\u1ec7n\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed - quang\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed\u0111ang s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng trong ng\u00e0nh k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt
\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed v\u00e0 k\u1ef9thu\u1eadt vi\u1ec5n th\u00f4ng.
Gi\u00e1o tr\u00ecnh "C\u1ea5u ki\u1ec7n\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed" g\u1ed3m 8 ch\u01b0\u01a1ng.
+ Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 1 Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u chung v\u1ec1 c\u1ea5u ki\u1ec7n\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed v\u00e0 v\u1eadt li\u1ec7u\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed. Trong ch\u01b0\u01a1ng n\u00e0y\u0111\u00e3
\u0111\u01b0a ra\u0111\u1ecbnh ngh\u0129a v\u00e0 c\u00e1c c\u00e1ch ph\u00e2n lo\u1ea1i c\u1ee7a c\u1ea5u ki\u1ec7n \u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed, c\u00e1c \u0111\u1eb7c t\u00ednh v\u00e0 c\u00e1c tham s\u1ed1k\u1ef9thu\u1eadt
c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i v\u1eadt li\u1ec7u s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng trong k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed - vi\u1ec5n th\u00f4ng nh\u01b0 ch\u1ea5t c\u00e1ch\u0111i\u1ec7n, ch\u1ea5t d\u1eabn\u0111i\u1ec7n,
ch\u1ea5t b\u00e1n d\u1eabn v\u00e0 v\u1eadt li\u1ec7u t\u1eeb.

+ Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 2 tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y v\u1ec1 c\u00e1c c\u1ea5u ki\u1ec7n\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed th\u1ee5 \u0111\u1ed9ng nh\u01b0\u0111i\u1ec7n tr\u1edf, t\u1ee5\u0111i\u1ec7n, cu\u1ed9n d\u00e2y v\u00e0 bi\u1ebfn \u00e1p, c\u00f9ng c\u00e1c\u0111\u1eb7c t\u00ednh v\u00e0 tham s\u1ed1 c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c c\u1ea5u ki\u1ec7n n\u00e0y, c\u00e1ch nh\u1eadn bi\u1ebft v\u00e0 c\u00e1ch\u0111\u1ecdc c\u00e1c tham s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c linh ki\u1ec7n th\u1ef1c t\u1ebf.

+ Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 3 tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y v\u1ec1\u0111i\u1ed1t b\u00e1n d\u1eabn. Trong ch\u01b0\u01a1ng n\u00e0y, gi\u00e1o tr\u00ecnh\u0111\u00e3 n\u00eau l\u00ean t\u00ednh ch\u1ea5t v\u1eadt l\u00fd\u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t c\u1ee7a l\u1edbp ti\u1ebfp x\u00fac P - N,\u0111\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y chi ti\u1ebft v\u1ec1 c\u1ea5u t\u1ea1o v\u00e0 nguy\u00ean l\u00fd ho\u1ea1t\u0111\u1ed9ng c\u0169ng nh\u01b0 c\u00e1c\u0111\u1eb7c tuy\u1ebfn, tham s\u1ed1 k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt c\u1ee7a\u0111i\u1ed1t b\u00e1n d\u1eabn. Ngo\u00e0i ra, trong ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 3 c\u00f2n tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y v\u1ec1 c\u00e1c ch\u1ebf \u0111\u1ed9 l\u00e0m vi\u1ec7c c\u1ee7a\u0111i\u1ed1t b\u00e1n d\u1eabn v\u00e0 gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 lo\u1ea1i\u0111i\u1ed1t th\u00f4ng d\u1ee5ng v\u00e0\u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t.

+ Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 4 tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y v\u1ec1 c\u1ea5u t\u1ea1o v\u00e0 nguy\u1eddn l\u00fd ho\u1ea1t\u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a tranzito l\u01b0\u1ee1ng c\u1ef1c (BJT).
\u0110\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi, trong ch\u01b0\u01a1ng n\u00e0y c\u0169ng tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y c\u1ee5th\u1ec3v\u1ec1 ba c\u00e1ch m\u1eafc c\u01a1b\u1ea3n c\u1ee7a tranzito trong c\u00e1c
s\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 m\u1ea1ch khu\u1ebfch\u0111\u1ea1i, c\u00e1c\u0111\u1eb7c t\u00ednh v\u00e0\u0111\u1eb7c\u0111i\u1ec3m c\u1ee7a t\u1eebng c\u00e1ch m\u1eafc.\u0110\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi\u1edf ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 4 c\u0169ng
tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y v\u1ec1 c\u00e1c c\u00e1ch ph\u00e2n c\u1ef1c v\u00e0 c\u00e1c m\u1ea1ch t\u01b0\u01a1ng\u0111\u01b0\u01a1ng c\u1ee7a tranzito.
+ Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 5 gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u chung v\u1ec1 tranzito hi\u1ec7u\u1ee9ng tr\u01b0\u1eddng (FET) v\u00e0 ph\u00e2n lo\u1ea1i tranzito
tr\u01b0\u1eddng. Trong ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y c\u1ee5 th\u1ec3 v\u1ec1 c\u1ea5u t\u1ea1o v\u00e0 nguy\u1ec7n l\u00fd ho\u1ea1t\u0111\u1ed9ng c\u0169ng nh\u01b0 c\u00e1c c\u00e1ch ph\u00e2n
c\u1ef1c cho tranzito tr\u01b0\u1eddng lo\u1ea1i JFET v\u00e0 MOSFET.
+Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 6 gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u v\u1ec1 c\u1ea5u ki\u1ec7n thu\u1ed9c h\u1ecd thyristo nh\u01b0 ch\u1ec9nh l\u01b0u silic c\u00f3\u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n, triac,
diac; n\u1eddu c\u1ea5u t\u1ea1o v\u00e0 nguy\u1eddn l\u00fd ho\u1ea1t\u0111\u1ed9ng c\u0169ng nh\u01b0\u1ee9ng d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang.\u0110\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi, ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 6
c\u0169ng tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y v\u1ec1 c\u1ea5u t\u1ea1o v\u00e0 nguy\u00ean l\u00fd ho\u1ea1t\u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a tranzito\u0111\u01a1n n\u1ed1i (UJT).
+Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 7 \u0111\u1ec1c\u1eadp \u0111\u1ebfn s\u1ef1 ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n ti\u1ebfp theo c\u1ee7a k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed l\u00e0 vi m\u1ea1ch t\u00edch h\u1ee3p.

Trong ch\u01b0\u01a1ng n\u00e0y tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y v\u1ec1 kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m, ph\u00e2n lo\u1ea1i c\u0169ng nh\u01b0 s\u01a1 l\u01b0\u1ee3c v\u1ec1 c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 ch\u1ebf t\u1ea1o vi m\u1ea1ch b\u00e1n d\u1eabn, l\u00e0 lo\u1ea1i vi m\u1ea1ch\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t v\u00e0 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng r\u1ed9ng r\u00e3i hi\u1ec7n nay. Ngo\u00e0i ra, trong ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 4 c\u00f2n tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y\u0111\u1eb7c t\u00ednh v\u00e0 tham s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y v\u1ec1 \u0111\u1eb7c\u0111i\u1ec3m c\u0169ng nh\u01b0 tham s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a hai lo\u1ea1i vi m\u1ea1ch: vi m\u1ea1ch tuy\u1ebfn t\u00ednh v\u00e0 vi m\u1ea1ch s\u1ed1. Trong \u0111\u00f3 gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u chi ti\u1ebft v\u1ec1 vi m\u1ea1ch khu\u1ebfch \u0111\u1ea1i thu\u1eadt to\u00e1n (OA),\u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 lo\u1ea1i vi m\u1ea1ch v\u1ea1n n\u0103ng\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng r\u1ed9ng r\u00e3i\u1edf nhi\u1ec1u ch\u1ee9c n\u0103ng kh\u00e1c nhau.

+ Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 8 tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y v\u1ec1 c\u00e1c c\u1ea5u ki\u1ec7n quang\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed. Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng n\u00e0y tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y kh\u00e1 t\u1ec9 m\u1ec9 v\u00e0 h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng v\u1ec1 c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i c\u1ea5u ki\u1ec7n quang\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed b\u00e1n d\u1eabn v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng b\u00e1n d\u1eabn\u0111ang\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng trong k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed v\u00e0 k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt vi\u1ec5n th\u00f4ng.\u1ede\u0111\u00e2y tr\u00ecnh b\u00e0y v\u1ec1 c\u00e1c c\u1ea5u ki\u1ec7n quang\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng trong k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt\u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed v\u00e0 th\u00f4ng tin quang:

- C\u00e1c linh ki\u1ec7n ph\u00e1t quang: LED ch\u1ec9 th\u1ecb, LED h\u1ed3ng ngo\u1ea1i, LASER, v\u00e0 m\u1eb7t ch\u1ec9 th\u1ecb tinh th\u1ec3
l\u1ecfng LCD.

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